Brown v. Board of Education

Correlating Presidential Records

Federal Records Pertaining to
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954)

Part III: Records Correlating to the Brown Decision, 1955-1977

Records of the Office of the President

Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library, Abilene, Kansas

The following collections are listed in the library's finding aid A Guide to Historical Holdings in the Eisenhower Library: A Guide to Civil Rights Studies.

Dwight D. Eisenhower Papers as President, 1953-1961
This material includes the series of correspondence titled Dwight D. Eisenhower Diary, Administration, Speech, and White House Files, all pertaining to the integration of the Little Rock, AR, public high school.

Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary, 1957-1958
This material includes two volumes of Little Rock situation reports dating from October 1957 to February 1958. These reports, created by General Edwin A. Walker's staff, give detailed daily accounts of the duties performed by the troops of the 101st Airborne Division and of incidents that occurred at Little Rock Central High School.

Records of the Special Assistant for Personnel Management, 1953-1961
These records contain a substantial quantity of materials related to school desegregation.

Records of the Staff Research Group, 1956-61
These records include documents relating to the progress of school integration in the South.

Papers of William P. Rogers, 1953-1961
These papers contain extensive documentation on the Little Rock school crisis, school integration in Alabama, and Federal aid to states with segregated school systems. Of particular note is the correspondence with the city of Little Rock and school officials.

Records of E. Frederic Morrow, 1955-1961
These records include materials relating to sit-in controversies and the Little Rock crisis.

Papers of James Hagerty 1953-1961
These papers include draft press releases and speeches for the entire Little Rock crisis.

Oral History Transcripts, 1952-1970
These transcripts include about 32 oral history transcripts that deal with the Little Rock crisis.

Audiovisual Collection, 1957
This collection consists of a still photograph of President Eisenhower delivering his address to the nation on the Little Rock situation.

John F. Kennedy Presidential Library, Boston, Massachusetts

Papers of John. F. Kennedy
Pre-Presidential Papers
File: Legislation, 1953-1960
This file includes materials relating to Little Rock, AR, and segregation.

File: Legislation Assistant's Background, 1953-1960
This file contains materials on school integration.

File: Issues, 1958
This file includes materials relating to the National Defense Education Act of 1958.

President's Office Files
File: Speech Files, 1962-1963
This file contains materials relating to radio and television reports of the situation at the University of Mississippi, 1962.

White House Central Files
File: Speeches, 1962-1963
This file includes materials relating to a speech on the Mississippi Integration Situation in 1962.

Papers of Robert F. Kennedy
Attorney General Papers
File: Speech and Press Releases, 1961-1964 This file contains materials relating to civil rights and school integration in 1961; the case of the University of Mississippi in 1962; and desegregation in 1963.

Senate Files
File: Correspondence Subject File, 1966
This file includes materials relating to school integration (3 folders).

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
Office of the Education
This series contains materials relating to integration in public education programs.

Personal Papers of Richard Neustadt, 1949-1991
These papers include materials relating Dwight D. Eisenhower on integration (general) and Little Rock, AR.

Personal Papers of Walter Lord
File: Background Materials, 1962-1965
This file contains materials relating to integration and James Meredith, and the University of Mississippi.

Personal Papers of Burke Marshall
File: Special Correspondence, 1961-1963
This file includes materials relating to James Meredith.

File: Mississippi, 1959-1961
This file contains materials relating to Ole Miss: James Meredith (1959-61) and undated Ole Miss Integration: "Integration at Ole Miss."

File: School, 1961-1964
This file includes materials relating to "Desegregation-General" (1961-64) and Prince Edward County, VA (1963).

File: Civil Rights Act of 1964
This file contains materials relating to legislative history and the scope of HR 7152: Titles IV and V.

Personal Papers of Arthur Schlesinger
File: Writings, 1939-1989
This file includes materials relating to education and busing.

White House Staff Files
Lee C. White
File: Civil Rights, 1961-1963
This file contains materials relating to education, 1962-63.

Lyndon B. Johnson Presidential Library, Austin, TX

Personal Papers of Drew Pearson
File: Warren, Earl #2, 1966
This file contains information about Drew Pearson, the prominent newspaper correspondent and author of the nationally syndicated newspaper column, "The Washington Merry-Go-Round." He was a close friend of Chief Justice Earl Warren. While on vacation in Barbados on February 16, 1966, Pearson had a conversation with Warren about the Brown (1954) decision, and Pearson wrote about the conversation in the diary that he maintained.

Audiovisual Archives
Serial Number WHCA371: Remarks of the President at a Reception for Participants in a Planning Session for the White House Conference "To Fulfill These Rights," 1965 This recording includes a speech made by President Johnson on November 16, 1965, in which he made a reference to the Brown (1954) decision. The White House Communication Agency recorded the speech.