Holocaust Records

Records Relating to Nazi Concentration Camps

A selection of records held by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)

The National Archives at College Park, MD, holds records pertaining to several World War II Nazi concentration camps including Buchenwald, Dachau, Flossenberg, Nordhausen, Mauthausen, and their subcamps or satellite camps, such as Mühldorf camp complex, OhrdrufLangenstein-ZwiebergeEbensee, Gusen camp complex, and others. 

StoryMap: Background Information About Selected Nazi Concentration Camps

This interactive map provides a visual representation of the locations of selected Nazi concentration camps that were liberated by the U.S. Army in spring 1945. Individuals accused of war crimes against civilians and Allied prisoners of war in these camps were tried after the war under the jurisdiction of the United States. 

By selecting a site, you can easily access information relating to National Archives holdings about these selected camps and their subcamps. Related records at the National Archives include textual, still picture, motion picture, and cartographic materials. Among these are original camp records; records produced by U.S. Government agencies, both military and civilian; and captured German records, including evidence files assembled for war crimes proceedings. These records of both U.S. civil and military agencies include documentation developed through wartime intelligence and reconnaissance, captured during the camps’ liberation, and generated through postwar military investigations and tribunals.


Records Relating to Other Nazi Concentration Camps at NARA

The National Archives and Records Administration also holds records relating to other Nazi concentration camps liberated by Allied armed forces, or evacuated or dismantled by the SS prior to the end of the war. While other institutions are the main repositories for records relating to these camps, NARA holds some documentation related to the camps listed below:

Selected Motion Pictures Documenting Nazi Concentration Camps

The moving images listed below are from the series titled "Moving Images Relating to Military Activities 1947-1964" (National Archives Identifier: 13807) in the Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer (Record Group 111, National Archives Identifier 440). Several were used as evidence at the Nuremberg Trials.

Records Relating to Nazi Concentration Camps at Presidential Libraries

Prisoners pose in liberated Nazi concentration camp (72-3220)
Prisoners pose in liberated Nazi concentration camp (NAID 348448179)

Additional NARA Resources Relating to Nazi Concentration Camps

Other Selected Resources

In addition to consulting records at the National Archives, researchers interested in conducting research on Nazi concentration camps may want to contact or visit the websites of the following institutions: