Holocaust Records

World War II War Crimes and War Crimes Trials Records 

The United States conducted war crimes trials in Europe under three jurisdictions: the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, U.S. military tribunals at Nuremberg, and U.S. Army courts.

General authority for the proceedings of all three jurisdictions was derived from the Declaration of German Atrocities (Moscow Declaration), released November 1, 1943, which expressed Allied determination to arrest and bring to justice Axis war criminals. This declaration of intent served as one of the bases for all war crimes trials, whether undertaken by military commissions, U.S. military tribunals, or international military tribunals.

Records in the National Archives custody document American participation on international bodies and the activities of American organizations in the investigation and prosecution of German war criminals.

Records at Presidential Libraries:

History Hub Blog Posts: