Native American Heritage

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Viewing American Indian Treaties

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Treaty Between the U.S. and the Sauk and Fox Indians, November 3, 1804

The original ratified treaties between the United States and American Indian tribal nations are housed at the National Archives in Washington, DC, as the series, "Indian Treaties, 1722–1869" (National Archives Identifier 299798).

The original treaties are digitized and available online through multiple sources, including:

The treaties are also available as NARA Microfilm Publication M668

Additional Resources

Exhibits Including Treaties

Education Resources

Related Records

  • Treaties negotiated between American Indian nations and the U.S. government required ratification by the Senate before taking effect. Not all treaties were ratified by the Senate. Selected unratified treaties and related records are digitized in the National Archives Catalog (National Archives Identifier 300293).
  • American Indian Treaties: Supporting Documentation provides information about journals of treaty commissioners, proceedings of councils, reports, and other records relating to the negotiation of both ratified and unratified Indian treaties.