17th Amendment: Direct Election of U.S. Senators
Untitled [Senatorial Deadlocks] Cartoon by Clifford Berryman
A Clifford Berryman cartoon illustrates the recurring problem of state legislatures that could not agree on who to elect to the Senate. Party differences and machine politics often prevented a state from deciding on a senator for months or even years. Berryman shows four states which left an empty Senate seat because they could not agree on a candidate.
Untitled [Senatorial Deadlocks] cartoon by Clifford Berryman, February 4, 1911; Records of the U.S. Senate Collection, Record Group 46, 46, National Archives Building, Washington, DC. NAID 6010878