Guide to House Records: Chapter 24
Records described in this chapter:
- Records of Legislative Proceedings (1789-1968)
- Records of the Office of the Clerk of the House (1789-1968)
- Records of Impeachment Proceedings (1789-1968)
General Records of the House of Representatives
24.1 The documents described in this chapter include records that were generated as part of the legislative proceedings of the U.S. House of Representatives; records that were maintained by the Clerk of the House of Representatives in his role as chief administrative officer of the House; and the records of impeachment proceedings in the House.
24.2 The records of the legislative proceedings consist in large part of documents that were introduced or generated on the floor of the House: minutes and journals, bills, committee reports, and documents introduced on the floor and ordered to be printed, including messages from the President. Most of these are the original documents that were ordered to be printed. Petitions and memorials and committee papers that were not referred to a standing or select committee, but were dispensed with in the Committee of the Whole are included in this category. Other petitions that were not referred to committees, but were ordered to be tabled are also described here. Finally, the election records, including the credentials of Representatives and Delegates, are described in this chapter.
24.3 The records of the Office of the Clerk include record books created by the various clerks who record floor activity and the receipt of documents on the floor; volumes of transcribed reports of committees from the period before the reports were routinely printed; and the political committee reports and lobby reports that the Clerk is required by law to maintain.
24.4 The records of impeachment proceedings have been filed in several ways during the history of the House. This chapter discusses the records of impeachment proceedings that have been maintained as a separate collection rather than filed with the records of a standing or select committee.
|Record Type||Volume||Congresses (Dates)|
|Journals and Minutes||276 ft.||1st-90th (1789-1968)|
|Original House Bills||1,516 ft.||1st-90th (1789-1968)|
|Original Senate Bills||56 ft.||13th-90th (1813-1968)|
|Original Committee Reports||753 ft.||37th-90th (1861-1968)|
|Original House Documents||1,375 ft.||30th-90th (1847-1968)|
|Messages from the President||75 ft.||2nd-36th (1791-1861)|
|Reports and communications||139 ft.||2nd-36th (1791-1861)|
|Committee Papers of the Committee of the Whole||2 ft.||18th-37th (1823-63), 54th-55th (1895-99), 61st (1901-11), 69th (1925-27), 72nd (1931-33), 74th-77th (1935-42), 81st-83rd (1949-54)|
|Petitions and Memorials of the Committee of the Whole||11 ft.||6th-26th (1799-1841), 28th-33rd (1843-55), 45th (1877-79)|
|Tabled petitions and memorials||57 ft.||5th-39th (1797-1867), 41st (1869-71)|
|Election records||71 ft.||9th-90th (1805-1968)|
|Accompanying papers||1,049 ft.||39th-57th (1865-1903)|
|Other records||66 ft.||2nd-90th (1791-1968)|
|TOTAL:||5,446 ft. (including 12,385 vols.)|
24.5 The Constitution provides that "each House shall keep a Journal of its proceedings and from time to time publish the same." The original House journals and minutes, 1789-1968, consist of 960 volumes of handwritten (or typescript after 1893) manuscripts of the published Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States in either the rough (first draft) or more often the smooth (final) version that was sent to printer. There is usually at least one volume for each session of Congress.
24.6 The Journal gives a narrative summary of the day-by-day proceedings of each session, recording all bills introduced, the committee to which they were referred, and all subsequent floor action. Also recorded are all roll call votes with the names of Representatives voting yea or nay. The Journal is well indexed by subject and serves as the basic finding aid for unpublished legislative case (bill) files. By means of the subject index, bill numbers and committees of referral can be located so that searches can be made for related records. Petitions, memorials, resolutions of State legislatures and executive communications are also recorded in the Journal and are indexed. The Journal does not record the speeches or debates on the floor, although the texts of some Presidential messages are printed.
24.7 The original House bills are preserved in 3,280 bound volumes. They include the original manuscript bills and joint, concurrent, and simple resolutions "dropped in the hopper" by the Representatives who introduced them. Beginning with the First Congress, there are bound volumes of engrossed bills, which are bills that passed the House in their final House version, signed by the Clerk of the House. From the 13th to the 56th Congresses (1813-1901) enrolled bills, which are the final drafts of engrossed bills that have passed both Houses of Congress, are bound. For some Congresses there may also be a printed series of "desk copies of House bills passed," which is generally found for the period after the Civil War.
24.8 For the period 1789-1807 only engrossed bills are available. After that time the series of original bills is mostly complete. Beginning in 1871, these original bills are in bound volumes. The series of bills that originated in the Senate, were passed and transmitted to the House, begins in 1813, and is mostly complete from the 19th Congress (1825-27), and thereafter. In the 20th century, additional subseries in this category may be found, such as desk copies of bills that failed to pass, and engrossed concurrent and simple resolutions. Printed copies of bills are often found in the records of the committees that considered them.
24.9 Closely related to the original House bills in their various versions are original Senate bills that were submitted to the House for its consideration following Senate passage.
24.10 Original committee reports consist of the original manuscripts of House committee reports that are filed numerically for each session of Congress. They comprise 2,966 volumes beginning with the 42nd Congress (1861-63). Original committee reports prior to 1861 are included in the series of committee papers which are arranged by committee.
24.11 Original House documents consist of the originals of documents that were introduced on the floor of the House and ordered to be printed. They began to be maintained as a separate series in 1847 when the original manuscripts of the House miscellaneous documents were first bound by the Government printing contractors and returned to the Clerk of the House after the printed edition was issued. Originals of House executive documents were bound similarly beginning with the 37th Congress (1861-63). The two categories, executive and miscellaneous, are arranged numerically for each session and are cited in the style H. Ex. Doc. 1, 37th Cong., 1st sess., or H. Misc. Doc. 1, 30th Cong., 1st sess. Executive documents are those transmitted to the House from executive agencies, while miscellaneous documents are any other items that the House chose to have printed, except its own committee reports. Beginning in 1861, the original Presidential messages and other executive communications which had been maintained separately were bound with the other documents in this series. After 1895 the distinction between executive and miscellaneous was eliminated and there is one numerical series of House documents for each session of Congress. There are 5,175 bound volumes of original House documents.
24.12 Messages from the President that were transmitted to the House of Representatives include the annual messages of each President (now usually called the "State of the Union" addresses) and other messages in which the President asked for particular legislation or furnished information to Congress. The latter type of message was often in response to a request; for example, a message from President Andrew Jackson of April 2, 1832, "in compliance with a resolution of the House of Representatives of the 17th of last month" sent information on "whether possession has been taken of any part of the territory of the United States on the Pacific Ocean by the subjects of any foreign power..." (32A- E1).
24.13 These Presidential messages were printed as House documents and became part of the series of Congressional publications known as the Congressional Serial Set. The Jackson message previously mentioned was printed as H. Ex. Doc. 191, 22d Cong., 1st sess. After 1861, the original manuscripts of House documents were bound together after being printed and the series of Presidential messages was no longer maintained as a separate entity.
24.14 The same is true of a closely related series, reports and communications received by the House of Representatives. These are original messages received directly from heads of the executive Departments, mainly Cabinet secretaries but also from other officials such as the Director of the Mint and the Commissioner of Indian Affairs. These messages were sent to request legislation or to provide information, and they were usually printed as House documents. After 1861, these messages may be found in the original House document series. Because in recent years executive agencies have been required by law to submit more reports, the reports--many now called Executive Communications—are often referred directly to the appropriate committee and are no longer printed as House documents. However, they may be issued as Committee Prints by the committees they are referred to, or printed directly by the agencies preparing them. Many annual reports are no longer formally transmitted to Congress at all.
24.15 The Committee of the Whole is unlike the standing and select committees discussed in previous chapters. The committee, which quite literally consists of the entire membership of the House, stems from a practice of the House of Commons, when the Speaker of the House of Commons was regarded as an agent of the King. The procedure allows the Speaker to remove himself from the chairmanship in order for the body to elect its own chairman and debate matters without the normal restrictions of a House of Commons session.
24.16 In the House of Representatives, the process differs from the British practice in several respects and is an important part of House floor procedure for the consideration of bills. Most important bills, such as those raising revenue, general appropriation bills, and bills of a public character directly or indirectly appropriating money or property, are listed on the Union Calendar and considered in the Committee on the Whole. In the Committee of the Whole, the Speaker does not preside, but appoints a chairman, usually a member of his own party. With a quorum of 100, the Committee of the Whole debates measures under the so-called five-minute rule rather than the hour rule, and it may amend and report bills. There are several technical parliamentary procedures associated with the Committee of the Whole, but in the end, bills considered by the Committee of the Whole must be approved by the entire House. Another function of the Committee of the Whole is to consider the "State of the Union" address of the President.
24.17 Despite the procedural importance of the Committee of the Whole, it generates little in the way of paper documentation, and few records of the committee are preserved at the National Archives. The committee papers of the Committee of the Whole include four volumes of minutes from 1833 through 1863, loose papers relating to accounts of expenditures of two diplomatic officers in the early 1840's (29A-D23.1) and files for private claims and other bills, 54th-55th Congresses (1895-99). Thereafter, the papers include only State of the Union messages and other Presidential messages.
24.18 Petitions and memorials of the Committee of the Whole are somewhat more complete. From the 6th to the 33d Congress, except for the 27th Congress, certain petitions and memorials were referred to the Committee of the Whole. The apparent reason for referral of these documents to this committee, rather than to another standing committee, is that at the time of referral, the bill to which the petition or memorial related was under consideration by the Committee of the Whole. Endorsements on several of these petitions indicate that they had been referred earlier to another standing committee, such as the Committee on Commerce and Manufactures, the Committee on Post Office and Post Roads, and the Committee on the Judiciary among others. Among the subjects of the petitions are the repeal of the alien and sedition acts, 1800 (6A-F5.1); the trade embargo and other trade restrictions during British war with France, 1808-1812 (10A-F10.1, 12A-F12.1); the patent rights of inventor Oliver Evans (12A-F12.5, 13A-G14.2); the slave trade (15A-G18.1); the removal of Indians from Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi, 1830-31 (21A-G23.3); the exclusion of slavery and the slave trade from the District of Columbia in the mid-1850's (33A-G26.1); opposition to passage of the Kansas-Nebraska bill, 1854 (33A-G26.2); and the repeal of the fugitive slave law (33A-G26.4). For many Congresses, the petitions concern the establishment of a uniform bankruptcy law, establishment of post roads and routes, various tariffs and internal improvements, and general claims legislation.
24.19 Election records consist primarily of credentials of Representatives and Delegates, arranged for each Congress alphabetically by State or Territory. The credentials are sometimes accompanied by related correspondence.
24.20 The accompanying papers file consists of papers relating to claims, pensions, and other forms of private relief, together with papers relating to certain public matters, that are arranged for each Congress alphabetically by person, State, Territory, or subject. Although the records are filed alphabetically by the name of the individual or entity, they are essentially files of papers relating to specific bills or resolutions—what are referred to elsewhere in this guide as bill files.
24.21 The accompanying papers files for each Congress were artificially constructed by collecting together the bill files of the various committees, mostly concerning private legislation, and arranging them in a single alphabetical sequence. This practice was discontinued after the 57th Congress (1901-03) at which time the individual committees began systematically retiring the series of bill files. This series is the primary location of records relating to private legislation between the 39th and 57th Congress. Before that period the relevant records would be found in the committee papers of the appropriate committee and after that date they are among the appropriate committee's bill files.
24.22 Individual files may contain either printed bills or reports, or unprinted records such as letters or petitions. Most files contain both printed and unprinted material. There are tens of thousands of these files, but they are usually small. From the 45th to the 51st Congress, printed copies of private bills are filed at the end of the accompanying papers.
24.23 The vast majority of the accompanying papers concern common citizens seeking pensions or payment of claims against the Government. Some petitions for relief concern nonmonetary matters such as relief of political disabilities under the 14th Amendment. For example, in 1886 J. R. Eggleston, a former lieutenant in the U.S. Navy who resigned his commission when Mississippi seceded from the Union, successfully sought such relief (49A-D1). Occasionally, the papers concern someone of greater historical significance; for example, the series contains the petition of Susan B. Anthony for remission of a fine levelled against her for voting in the Presidential election of 1872 (43A-D1). Papers relating to States or Territories frequently concern private or public bills relating to particular projects, such as the construction of Federal buildings or improvements to rivers and harbors. Papers relating to other subjects are rare.
24.24 Tabled petitions and memorials are those petitions and memorials the House received but did not refer to committees for consideration, thereby disposing of them in an adverse manner without debate. Relatively few petitions and memorials, less than 1 linear foot per Congress, were tabled. For a few Congresses, however, substantially more petitions and memorials were tabled. One issue resulting in a large number of tabled memorials was the controversy over rechartering the Bank of the United States; in 1833, the House was inundated with memorials supporting renewal of the charter and restoration of public deposits in that bank (23A-H1.1). Among all subjects addressed by the tabled petitions and memorials, the most thoroughly documented is that of slavery in its various aspects. Beginning in the 23d Congress (1833-35), a growing number of petitions from abolitionists and other social reformers concerning slavery were placed before the House by Representative John Quincy Adams and others; this was a direct challenge to a long standing practice of the House. Many petitioners sought congressional action to eliminate slavery from the District of Columbia (24A-H1.3, 25A-H1.8, 26A-H1.2); others advocated abolition of the slave trade (26A-H1.1) and of slavery itself (27A-H1.7, 28A-H1.1). The House's response to abolitionist pressure was to pass a resolution on December 21, 1837, to table all memorials, petitions, and papers on slavery. This resolution became known as the "gag rule," and similar language was soon adopted as Standing Rule 21 of the House. The "gag rule" itself became a major issue, not only among abolitionists but also among others who were repelled by its fundamentally antidemocratic and unconstitutional nature (25A-H1.7, 26A-H1.3, 27A-H1.6, 28A-H1.10). In 1840, the "gag rule" was repealed, but the House continued to table many slavery-related protests, including one large roll petition favoring repeal of the act of February 12, 1793, relating to fugitive slaves (28A-H1.8); several petitions opposing the admission of Texas as a State "especially because its constitution as far as it can, supports and perpetuates slavery" (29A-H1.1); and five petitions favoring repeal of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 (33A-H1.18). Even through the 38th Congress (1863-65), the House continued to table some petitions on the subject of slavery.
24.25 Other records consist largely of records of roll call votes, beginning with the 13th Congress (1813-15). Keeping such records was and continues to be a function of the Clerk's office, which now has a bill clerk and a reading clerk for this purpose. Prior to 1813, the series consists of various papers that could not be placed in any other series; these are arranged by subject. Among later records in this series are papers relating to the reprimand of former Representative Samuel Houston for assaulting and beating William Stanbery, a Representative of Ohio, in 1832 (22A-K3); the letter of Governor-elect Nathaniel Prentice Banks of Massachusetts to the Speaker announcing his resignation from the House (35A-L2); and the original report on "Astronomical and Meteorological Observations Made at the Naval Observatory During the Year 1861" (37A-K2).
|Record Type||Volume||Congresses (Dates)|
|Record Books||161 ft.||1st-90th (1789-1968)|
|Transcribed Reports from Executive Departments||7 ft.||1st-17th (1789-1823)|
|Transcribed Committee Reports||16 ft.||1st-35th (1789-1858)|
|Indexes||5 in.||1st-19th (1789-1826)|
|Political Committee Reports||133 ft.||62nd-90th (1912-68)|
|Lobbying Reports||40 ft.||89th-90th (1965-68)|
|Other Records||59 ft.||2nd-3rd (1791-95), 8th-90th (1803-1968)|
|TOTAL:||416 ft. (includes 1,357 vols.)|
24.26 The principal series of records maintained by the Office of the Clerk are record books which consist of 979 bound volumes. These volumes include House bill books, House resolution books, Senate bill books, petition books, ledgers, registers of papers sent to the Senate, registers of papers received from the Senate, registers of committee reports, Presidential messages, and executive communications. Nineteenth-century records also include orders of the day, contingent accounts of the Clerk's Office, and membership lists of standing and select committees.
24.27 Transcribed reports from executive departments consist of 39 bound volumes of copies of reports from the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of War, and the Secretary of the Navy that were copied into bound volumes by employees of the Office of the Clerk. The individual volumes often contain records of more than one Congress. They contain the earliest reports to Congress from the departments, including such important documents as Alexander Hamilton's "Report on the Public Credit."
24.28 Transcribed committee reports comprise 81 bound volumes and are otherwise similar in format to the transcribed reports from executive departments, except for the type of document transcribed. Individual volumes may cover numerous Congresses; for example, among the records of the 10th Congress is a volume of transcribed committee reports of the Committee on the District of Columbia for the 10th Congress through the 27th Congress (1807-41). These volumes can be extraordinarily useful for certain types of research because they bring together all the reports of a committee for the early Congresses—before the reports were printed in the Congressional Serial Set. The transcription of committee reports was discontinued during the 1850's, with the last volume containing the reports of the Committee of Claims.
24.29 Indexes to transcribed committee reports and transcribed reports and communications from Executive Departments were maintained for a short time only, except for the transcribed reports of the Committee of Claims, which were indexed through the first session of the 19th Congress.
24.30 The political committee reports and the lobby reports are fairly recent additions to the responsibilities of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. The Clerk maintains these two series of records for public inspection to document the use of money and influence in elections and in the legislative process. Political committee reports were first required by Sections 5 and 6 of an Act of June 25, 1910 (Public Law 61-274), providing for public statements listing contributors and the amounts they contributed to support candidates in Congressional elections. These reports detail receipts and expenditures of the major Democratic and Republican National Committees, minor party committees, State committees, and political committees of other associations and organizations; for example, the records for 1916 contain information on the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage, the Socialist Party of Indiana, the Anti-Saloon League of America, and the Uptown Dry Goods Association of New York City, among others. In 1925, Congress enacted the Federal Corrupt Practices Act (Public Law 68-506, Title III); the act was actually part of the postal employees reclassification and compensation bill. Under the Federal Corrupt Practices Act, any committee, association, or organization that accepts contributions or makes expenditures for the purpose of influencing or attempting to influence the election of candidates or Presidential or Vice Presidential electors, subject to certain limitations, was required to report quarterly on its contributions and expenditures. Under these two laws, political committees have provided lists of contributors, showing the amounts contributed, and frequently the contributors' addresses. Expenditures are also itemized. Prior to 1947 and since 1966, the records are arranged alphabetically by name of organization; for the intervening years, the records are arranged by report number.
24.31 The lobby reports maintained by the Clerk are required by Title III of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946 (Public Law 79-601), the Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act. This law requires that any person who engages himself for pay or for any consideration for the purpose of attempting to influence the passage or defeat of any legislation by Congress shall register with the Clerk of the House and the Secretary of the Senate and report on his activities in this regard. Although lobby reports have been required since 1946, the Clerk's collection of these registration statements at the National Archives is incomplete. An alphabetical index to lobbyists, 1946-65, and an index to report numbers, 1946-68, is available. The National Archives has a more complete series of lobbying reports, maintained by the Secretary of the Senate.
24.32 Under the heading other records are such sundry items as letter books of the Clerk, copies of telegrams sent by departmental telegraph lines, check stubs showing expenditures from the contingent fund, receipts for records withdrawn, a roster of news reporters filed with the Clerk, 1855 (33C-C4), and monthly reports of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation submitted to the Clerk of the House pursuant to statutory requirement, 1933-40 (73d-76th Congresses). Since 1947, the records include oaths of office taken by House members; applications by House members for leave of absence; messages of the President giving notice of his approval of certain bills and resolutions; veto messages of the President, along with accompanying enrolled bill; and numerous other items filed with the Clerk. Since 1955, these records are arranged by type of clerk (Journal Clerk, Reading Clerk, and Enrolling Clerk), and the documents filed thereunder reflect the duties of each position. Also included in this series are individual voting records of each Member, 1937-68, and vouchers for official reporters to committees, 1933-68.
|Record Type||Volume||Congresses (Dates)|
|Impeachment records||18 ft.||14th-78th (1816-1944)|
24.33 According to the Congressional Quarterly's Guide to Congress (3rd ed., 1982), impeachment is perhaps the most awesome though least used power of Congress. In impeachment proceedings, the House of Representatives determines whether impeachment is warranted and if so, prosecutes high ranking Federal officials. The Senate's role is that of judge and jury.
24.34 Since 1789, impeachment proceedings have been initiated more than 60 times. Fifteen officers, including 1 President, 1 Senator, 1 Cabinet officer, and 12 Federal judges, have been tried. Of these, five have been convicted: John Pickering of the District Court of New Hampshire, 1804; West H. Humphries, of the District Court of the Eastern, Middle, and Western District of Tennessee, 1862; Robert W. Archbald of the Commerce Court, 1913; Halsted L. Ritter of the Southern District of Florida, 1936; and Harry E. Claiborne of the District of Nevada, 1986.
24.35 The National Archives has records relating to most of the impeachment proceedings from 1816 to 1944 (see the following list). Additional records relating to impeachments are in the records of the Committee on the Judiciary, which has a major role in the impeachment process.
Records of Impeachment Proceedings in the General Records of the U.S. House of Representatives
|Matthias B. Tallmadge||Judge, District Court, Northern District of NY||14B-A1, 15B-B1|
|William Stephens||Judge, District Court, GA||15B-A1|
|William P. Van Ness||Judge, District Court, Southern District of NY||15B-C1|
|Charles Tait||Judge, District Court, AL||17B-A1|
|Buckner Thruston||Judge, Circuit Court, DC||18B-A1, 24B-A1|
|Joseph L. Smith||Judge, Supreme Court, Territory of FL||18B-B1, 19B-A1|
|Alfred Conkling||Judge, District Court, Northern District of NY||20B-A1, 21B-A1, 26B-A1|
|James H. Peck||Judge, District Court, MO||21B-B1|
|Benjamin Johnson||Judge, Superior Court, Territory of AR||22B-A1|
|P.K. Lawrence||Judge, District Court, Eastern District of LA||25B-A1|
|John McLean||Justice, U.S. Supreme Court, 7th District||26B-B1|
|Robert C. Grier||Justice, U.S. Supreme Court||33B-A1|
|John C. Watrous||Judge, District Court, TX||34B-A1, 35B-B1, 36B-A1|
|Thomas Irwin||Judge, District Court, Western District of PA||35B-A1|
|Andrew G. Miller||Judge, District Court, WI||38B-A1|
|Andrew Johnson||President of the United States||40B-A1|
|Richard Busteed||Judge, District Court, AL||40B-B1, 41B-B1|
|Mark W. Delahay||Judge, District Court, KS||42B-A1|
|Charles T. Sherman||Judge, District Court, Northern District of OH||42B-B1|
|William W. Belknap||Secretary of War||44B-A1|
|Henry W. Blodgett||Judge, District Court, Northern District of IL||45B-A1|
|George F. Seward||Counsel General, Shanghai||45B-A1, 46B-A1|
|Samuel B. Axtell||Chief Justice, Supreme Court, Territory of NM||48B-A1|
|Aleck Boarman||Judge, District Court, Western District of LA||51B-A1|
|J.G. Jenkins||Judge, Circuit Court, 7th Circuit||53B-A1|
|Augustus J. Ricks||Judge, District Court, Northern District of OH||53B-B1|
|Charles Swayne||Judge, District Court, Northern District of FL||58B-A1|
|Robert W. Archbald||Judge, District Court, Middle District of PA||60B-A1, 62B-A1|
|A.G. Dayton||Judge, District Court, Northern District of WV||60B-B1|
|James B. McPherson and James B. Holland||Judges, Circuit Court, District of PA||60B-C1|
|Lebbeus R. Wilfley||Judge, U.S. Court for China||60B-D1|
|Supreme Court Justices||Justices of the Supreme Court||60B-E1|
|E.S. Farrington||Judge, District Court, NV||61B-A1|
|A.S. Moore||Judge of 2d Division, District Court of AK||61B-B1|
|Daniel T. Wright||Judge, District Court, DC||61B-C1|
|Robert W. Archbald||Associate Judge, U.S. Commerce Court||62B-A1|
|Cornelius H. Hanford||Judge, District Court, Western District of WA||62B-B1|
|H. Snowden Marshall||U.S. District Atty., Southern District of NY||64B-A1|
|Federal Reserve Board||Members of the Federal Reserve Board||64B-B1|
|Kenesaw M. Landis||Judge, District Court, Northern District of IL||66B-A1|
|George W. English||Judge, District Court, Eastern District of IL||69B-A1|
|Phillip Forman||U.S. Attorney for District of NJ||72B-A1|
|Harold Louderback||Judge, District Court, Northern District of CA||72B-B1, 73B-A1|
|Halstead L. Ritter||Judge, District Court, Southern District of FL||73B-B1, 74B-A1|
|Ferdinand A. Geiger||Judge, District Court, Eastern District of WI||75B-A1|
|Frances Perkins, James L. Houghteling, and Gerard D. Reilly||Secretary of Labor, Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, and Solicitor, Department of Labor||76B-A1|
|Albert W. Johnson and Albert L. Watson||Judges, District Court, Middle District of PA||78B-A1|
Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to the Records of the United States House of Representatives at the National Archives, 1789-1989: Bicentennial Edition (Doct. No. 100-245). By Charles E. Schamel, Mary Rephlo, Rodney Ross, David Kepley, Robert W. Coren, and James Gregory Bradsher. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1989.
This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1989.