The Center for Legislative Archives

Clifford K. Berryman Political Cartoon Collection

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This cartoon shows a self-portrait of Berryman drawing his famous teddy bear.

A collection of 2,400 original pen-and-ink drawings by Clifford K. Berryman from the U.S. Senate Collection is housed at the Center for Legislative Archives. Berryman was Washington's best known and most-admired graphic commentator on politics in the first half of the 20th century. Berryman's career as a political cartoonist began in the late 1880s with the Washington Post and continued in 1907 with the Evening Star. Berryman's career for the Evening Star extended over forty years, until his death in 1949.

The cartoons comment on Washington politics, congressional issues, presidential elections, and both World Wars. The collection also includes approximately 230 cartoons by Jim Berryman, Clifford's son. This collection of Clifford and Jim Berryman cartoons are in the public domain.

All of Berryman's cartoons are available for online viewing through the National Archives Catalog.

The Center has created a variety of resources which feature the cartoons:

 

 


eBooks

America and the World: Foreign Affairs in Political Cartoons, 1898-1940

America and the World presents 63 political cartoons by Clifford K. Berryman that invite students to discuss American foreign policy from the Spanish American War to the start of World War II. This eBook presents a selection of cartoons that show Berryman’s insight into the people, institutions, issues, and events that shaped an important era of American history. 

Chapters include:
War with Spain and the Age of Imperialism 1898-1899
The Era of the Big Stick and Dollar Diplomacy 1900 – 1913 
World War I Begins in Europe 1914 – 1916 
America Enters World War I in 1917 
America at War in Europe 1918 
The Post-War Quest for Peace 1919 –1938 
Storm Clouds Gathering: World War II on the Horizon 1939–1940 

Download America and the World: Foreign Affairs in Political Cartoons, 1898-1940

Use the eBook in your classroom with our review activity, Studying U.S. Foreign Policy through Political Cartoons.

Representing Congress: Clifford K. Berryman's Political Cartoons

Representing Congress is an eBook which presents a selection of political cartoons and learning resources to engage students in a discussion of what Congress is, how it works, and what it does. 

Chapters include:
Congress and the Constitution: Articles I and II Illustrated
Congress: the Elected, Representative Branch of Government
Congress: Making Laws for the Nation
Congress and the President: Balancing Articles I and II
The Two-Party System in Congress
A Member's Job: Representing the People and the States

Download Representing Congress: Clifford K. Berryman's Political Cartoons

Use the eBook in your classroom with our lesson, Congress Represented in Political Cartoons.

Use the eBook in your classroom with our review activity, Big Civics Ideas through Political Cartoons.


Exhibits

Running for Office

The political cartoons in this exhibit illustrate the campaign process from the candidate’s decision to run for office to the ultimate outcome of the election. Although many political procedures have changed, these cartoons show that the political process has remained remarkably consistent; Berryman’s cartoons from the early 20th century remain relevant today.


Featured Documents

Hepburn Rate Bill, May 15, 1906

The cartoon "Hepburn Rate Bill," published on May 15, 1906 on the front page of the Washington Post, pokes fun at these Senate tactics. In reaction to the Senate's barrage of revisions, Berryman depicted the Hepburn Bill limping back to the House on crutches, hobbled and burdened by amendments. The bill also appears frightened - it knew the Constitution requires legislation to pass both houses of Congress in identical form before presentation to the President and that the House may not agree with the Senate's changes. 

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Hepburn Rate Bill by Clifford K. Berryman, May 15, 1906; U.S. Senate Collection, Center for Legislative Archives

The House is in Session (According to the Minority View), April 16, 1908

Berryman's cartoons on Congress often featured Joseph Cannon. Joseph Cannon served in the U.S. House of Representatives as a Republican from Illinois for 23 terms over the course of nearly 50 years (1873-1890; 1893-1912; 1915-1922). He is best remembered for the four terms he served as Speaker of the House (1903-1911). First elected Speaker on November 9, 1903, Cannon is regarded as one of the most powerful Speakers in U.S. history.

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The House is in Session (According to the Minority View) by Clifford K. Berryman,  April 16, 1908; U.S. Senate Collection, Center for Legislative Archives


Lesson Plans

Congress Represented in Political Cartoons
Students analyze political cartoons drawn between 1898 and 1948 to learn about Congress and its constitutional role in government.

Constitution Scavenger Hunt with Political Cartoons
Students analyze political cartoons to learn about the outline and structure of the Constitution, as well as the content of many of its clauses.

Reviewing Big Civics Ideas through Political Caroons
Students analyze political cartoons drawn by Clifford K. Berryman between 1898 and 1948 to learn about the Constitution and constitutional institutions of government and politics.

Studying U.S. Foreign Policy through Political Cartoons, 1898 - 1940
Students analyze political cartoons drawn by Clifford K. Berryman between 1898 and 1948 to learn about topics and major events in U.S. foreign policy.

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