National Historical Publications & Records Commission

The Papers of John C. Calhoun

refer to caption


John C. Calhoun, Brady National Photographic Art Gallery (Washington, D.C.) National Archives.


University of South Carolina

Additional information at and

The papers of John Caldwell Calhoun (1782-1850), seventh Vice President of the United States. In 1810, Calhoun began his political career as a representative from South Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives. He was Secretary of War under President James Monroe and elected as vice president in 1824, serving under John Quincy Adams and then Andrew Jackson. In 1832, he resigned as vice president and entered the Senate. He sought the Democratic nomination for the presidency in 1844, but lost to nominee James K. Polk. Calhoun was Secretary of State under John Tyler from 1844 to 1845, supporting the annexation of Texas as a means to extend slavery. He then returned to the Senate, serving until his death in 1850. While he began his political career as a nationalist, his views changed and he became a leading proponent of states’ rights.

Complete in 28 volumes


Previous Record   |    Next Record   |    Return to Index