1920 Federal Population Census - Microfilm Catalog - Part 1
- Census Schedules
- Research Hints
- Enumeration Districts (EDs)
- Enumeration District Maps By State
- How to Order Microfilm
- Regional Archives System
This catalog lists the 1920 population schedules, reproduced as microfilm publication T625, and the 1920 Soundex indexes.
This microfilm has been reproduced by the National Archives and Records Administration from the highest quality master negatives available from the Bureau of the Census. The original film includes defects that affect the legibility of some frames; the original schedules no longer exist.
This catalog supplements the Federal Population Censuses, 1790-1890, the 1900 Federal Population Census, and the 1910 Federal Population Census catalogs, which contain details for ordering copies of the population schedules for 1790-1910 and of the 1880-1910 Soundexes.
Printed versions of these catalogs can also be ordered. For information about fees and the ordering of these catalogs, please contact Publications Distribution (NECD), National Archives, Room G9, Seventh and Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20408; telephone 202-501-7190 or toll-free 1-866-272-6272.
On January 2, 1920, at 9:00 a.m., the Bureau of the Census began taking the 14th decennial census of the United States. The Department of Agriculture had requested that the date be changed from the traditional spring/early summer dates to January. The department argued that harvests would be completed and information about the harvests fresh in farmers' minds, and more people would be at home in January than in April.
The 1920 census schedules are arranged by state or territory, and thereunder by county, and finally by enumeration district. The states are arranged alphabetically; however, Alaska, Guam and American Samoa, Hawaii, military and naval schedules, the Panama Canal, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands (taken in 1917) are listed last. There was no separate Indian schedule for 1920.
The format and information in the 1920 census schedules closely resemble that of the 1910 census. The 1920 census, however, did not ask about unemployment on the day of the census, nor did it ask about service in the Union or Confederate army or navy. Questions about the number of children born and how long a couple had been married were also omitted. The bureau modified the enumeration of inmates of institutions and dependent, defective, and delinquent classes. The 1920 census included four new questions: one asking the year of naturalization and three about mother tongue.
Because of the changes in some boundaries following World War I, enumerators were instructed to report the province (state or region) or city of persons declaring they or their parents had been born in Austria-Hungary, Germany, Russia, or Turkey. If a person had been born in any other foreign country, only the name of the country was to be entered.
The instructions to the enumerators did not require that individuals spell out their names. Enumerators wrote down the information given to them; they were not authorized to request proof of age, date of arrival, or other information. People were known to change their ages between censuses, and some people claimed not to know their age. The race determination was based on the enumerator's impressions.
Individuals were enumerated as residents of the place in which they regularly slept, not where they worked or might be visiting. People with no regular residence, including "floaters" and members of transient railroad or construction camps, were enumerated as residents of the place where they were when the enumeration was taken. Enumerators were also to ask if any family members were temporarily absent; if so, these were to be listed either with the household or on the last schedule for the census subdivision. Thus, the user should always check that page. The answers that appear on the microfilmed schedules depend upon what the enumerator recorded and what the people interviewed told the enumerator.
The microfilm may also show code numbers or letters in some of the columns. Clerks added these codes in red ink (which cannot be distinguished on the microfilm) after the census, to be punched into the cards used to tabulate the census results. The codes usually represent household composition, occupation and class of worker, or simply marks made in the coding, punching, or tabulating operations themselves and should be ignored.
The Bureau of the Census created and filmed Soundex index cards for the entire 1920 census. The Soundex is a coded surname (last name) index based on the way a surname sounds rather than how it is spelled. Surnames that sound the same but are spelled differently, like SMITH and SMYTH, have the same code and are filed together. The Soundex coding system was developed to find a surname even though it may have been recorded under various spellings. The National Archives has assigned a separate microfilm publication for each state and territory.
The Bureau of the Census used two separate Soundex cards, the "family card" and the "individual card." Both types of cards are arranged numerically by the Soundex code and then alphabetically by the first name of the head of the household on the family cards and the first name of the individual on the individual cards.
The individual card gives the names of people other than those in the immediate household (husband, wife, son, daughter) that are enumerated with a family. These include grandparents, cousins, boarders, and servants. The card also shows the name of the head of the household or the institution name where the person is living.
The information on the Soundex card includes the surname, first name, state and county of residence, city (if appropriate), age, place of birth, and whether a U.S. citizen. Each card also lists the volume, enumeration district, sheet number, and line number where the person can be found on the population schedule.
The Soundex Coding System
Every Soundex code consists of a letter and three numbers, such as S-650. The letter is always the first letter of the surname, whether it is a vowel or a consonant. Disregard the remaining vowels and W, Y, and H and assign numbers to the next three consonants of the surname according to the Soundex coding guide. If there are not three consonants following the initial letter, use zeros to fill out the three-digit code.
Most surnames can be coded using the Soundex coding guide. Names with prefixes, double letters, or letters side by side that have the same number of the Soundex coding system are described below.
Soundex Coding Guide
Code Key Letters and Equivalents 1 b, p, f, v 2 c, s, k, g, j, q, x, z 3 d, t 4 l 5 m, n 6 r
Names with Prefixes
If the surname has a prefix, such as van, Von, De, Di, or Le, code it both with and without the prefix because it might be listed under either code. The surname vanDevanter, for example, could be V-531 or D-153.
Mc and Mac are not considered prefixes.
Names with Double Letters
If the surname has any double letters, they should be treated as one letter. Thus, in the surname Lloyd, the second L should be crossed out, in the surname Gutierrez, the second R should be crossed out.
Names with Letters Side by Side That Have the Same Number on the Soundex Coding Guide
A surname may have different letters that are side by side and have the same number on the Soundex coding guide; for example, PF in Pfister (1 is the number for both P and F); CKS in Jackson (2 is the number for C, K, and S). These letters should be treated as one letter. Thus in the name Pfister, F should be crossed out; in the name Jackson, K and S should be crossed out.
— On the schedules, the enumerators sometimes transposed the number of the supervisor's district and the enumeration district (ED). The EDs and visitation numbers, however, remain in the correct numerical order.
— The Soundex card is not always accurate. If you initially cannot find a person listed, the card may be out of order. If the person is not where he or she is listed to be, it may be necessary to read the entire page of the schedule, the entire enumeration district, or the entire county.
— Not everyone enumerated on the schedule is on the Soundex, as some names were missed by the indexer. In that case, it may be necessary to read the entire county.
— Many institutions, even if enumerated at their street addresses, are found at the end of the enumeration district.
Enumeration Districts (EDs)
Census schedules are arranged by state or territory, thereunder by county, and beginning in 1880 by enumeration district (ED). EDs were the areas that an enumerator covered in taking the census. To consult the schedules for a particular town, a minor civil division or geographical area, or a ward of a large city, one must know the enumeration district. National Archives Microfilm Publication T1224 describes ED boundaries as they were in 1920; present-day boundaries may not be the same.
Rolls 41-60 of Descriptions of Census Enumeration Districts, 1830-1890 and 1910-1950 (T1224) identify the enumeration district number assigned within the state, county, and city for the 1920 census. The descriptions are arranged alphabetically by state and thereunder by supervisor's district, which is a large geographic area that covers several counties. The descriptions are then arranged by county and thereunder by township or city. The ED is listed on the left-hand side of the page. Below are examples from T1224.
1920 Enumeration Districts (T1224)
Roll 41 Alabama, [Alaska, see roll 60], Arizona, Arkansas Roll 42 California, [Canal Zone, see roll 60], Colorado Roll 43 Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, [Hawaii, see roll 60] Roll 44 Illinois Roll 45 Indiana, Iowa Roll 46 Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana Roll 47 Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts Roll 48 Michigan, Minnesota Roll 49 Mississippi, Missouri Roll 50 Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico Roll 51 New Jersey, New York supervisor's districts 1 and 2 (Manhattan and Bronx), and supervisor's district 3 (part Kings County) Roll 52 New York supervisor's district 3 (part), supervisor's districts 4 to 6 (Queens and Richmond), supervisor's districts 7 to 22. Roll 53 North Carolina, North Dakota Roll 54 Ohio Roll 55 Oklahoma and Oregon, [Panama, see roll 60] Roll 56 Pennsylvania, [Puerto Rico, see roll 60] Roll 57 Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee Roll 58 Texas, Utah, Vermont Roll 59 [Virgin Islands, see roll 60], Virginia, Washington Roll 60 West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Alaska, Hawaii, Panama, Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands There are no descriptions of enumeration districts for Guam or American Samoa. Military and naval districts as well as institutions such as jails and almshouses are listed as separate EDs in the state.
1920 Enumeration District Maps
The Bureau of the Census produced enumeration district maps for many counties, cities, and towns. Those available for the 1920 census are listed below. To order copies of the maps, contact the Cartographic and Architectural Branch (NNSC), National Archives, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740- 6001. The prices vary with the size of the map.
Counties: Autauga, Barbour, Blount, Bullock, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Escambia, Etowah, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lee, Limestone, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Montgomery, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, St. Claire, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington
Townships and Cities: Anniston, Birmingham, Fairfield, Mobile, Montgomery, Selma, Sheffield
Counties: Arkansas, Ashley, Benton, Bradley, Calhoun, Conway, Dallas, Drew, Fulton, Garland, Hot Spring, Howard, Independence, Izard, Lawrence, Miller, Monroe, Montgomery, Perry, Pulaski, Scott, Searcy, Sevier, Stone, Washington, White, Yell
Townships and Cities: Fort Smith, Helena, Hot Springs, Little Rock, North Little Rock, Pine Bluff
Counties: Amador, Butte, Calaveras, Colusa, Del Norte, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Imperial, Kern, Kings, Lake, Lassen, Los Angeles, Madera, Mariposa, Mendocino, Merced, Modoc, Mono, Monterey, Napa, Nevada, Orange, Placer, Plumas, Riverside, Sacramento, San Benito, San Diego, San Francisco (city and county coextensive), San Joaquin, San Luis Obisbo, Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz, Shasta, Siskiyou, Solano, Sonoma, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tehama, Trinity, Tulare, Tuolumne, Ventura, Yolo, Yuba
Townships and Cities: Alameda, Alhambra, Bakersfield, Berkeley, Eden Township, Eureka, Fresno, Glendale, Hayward, La Verne, Livermore, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Oakland, Ontario, Pasadena, Piedmont, Pleasanton, Pleasanton Township, Pomona, Red Bluff, Redlands, Riverside, Sacramento, San Bernadino, San Diego, San Francisco (city and county coextensive), San Jose, San Leandro, Santa Ana, Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz, Santa Monica, Stockton, Vallejo, Washington Township
Counties: Adams, Baca, Bent, Boulder, Chaffee, Cheyenne, Clear Creek, Costilla, Crowley, Denver (city and county coextensive), Douglas, Fremont, Garfield, Grand, Hinsdale, Huerfano, Kiowa, Kit Carson, Larimer, Logan, Mesa, Moffat, Montrose, Morgan, Pueblo, Routt, Saguache, San Miguel, Summit, Teller, Washington, Weld
Townships and Cities: Boulder, Canon City, Colorado Springs, Cripple Creek, Denver (city and county coextensive), Fort Collins, Goldfield, Greeley, Leadville, Longmont, Pueblo, Salida, Sterling, Trinidad, Victor
Townships and Cities: Ansonia, Bridgeport, Bristol Town, Danbury, Hartford, Manchester Town, Meriden, Middletown, New Britain, New Haven, New London, Norwalk, Norwich, Rockville, Stamford, Torrington, Wallingford, Waterbury, West Haven Town, Willimantic, Winchester Town, Winsted
District of Columbia
Counties: Alachua, Baker, Bradford, Broward, Calhoun, Citrus, Columbia, Dade, De Soto, Duval, Escambia, Gadsden, Hamilton, Hernando, Hillsborough, Holmes, Lafayette, Lake, Levy, Liberty, Manatee, Marion, Monroe, Okaloosa, Okeechobee, Orange, Osceola, Palm Beach, Pasco, Pinellas, Putnam, St. Johns, St. Lucie, Santa Rosa, Sumter, Suwannee, Taylor, Volusia, Wakulla, Walton, Washington
Townships and Cities: Bradenton, Jacksonville, Key West, Kissimmee, Lakeland, Miami, Okeechobee, Orlando, Pensacola, Tampa
Counties: Barrow, Bartow, Bulloch, Calhoun, Campbell, Carroll, Chattooga, Cherokee, Fayette, Fulton, Greene, Habersham, Hall, Haralson, Hart, Heard, Houston, Jasper, Jefferson, Lee, Liberty, Lincoln, Madison, McDuffie, Milton, Monroe, Montgomery, Muscogee, Oglethorpe, Pickens, Putnam, Richmond, Stephens, Tattnall, Taylor, Telfair, Terrell, Troup, Turner, Wilcox
Townships and Cities: Americus, Athens, Atlanta, Augusta, Brunswick, Columbus, Gainesville, Macon, Savannah, Waycross
Counties: Ada, Bannock, Benewah, Bingham, Blaine, Boise, Butte, Caribou, Cassia, Clark, Franklin, Fremont, Gooding, Idaho, Jefferson, Jerome, Latah, Lincoln, Madison, Minidoka, Owyhee, Power, Teton, Twin Falls, Valley
Townships and Cities: Boise City, Idaho Falls, Nampa, Pocatello
Counties: Boone, Brown, Calhoun, Carroll, Champaign, Clark, Cook, De Kalb, De Witt, Du Page, Edgar, Effingham, Fulton, Gallatin, Hancock, Henderson, Iroquois, Jasper, Kane, Kankakee, Kendall, Lake, Lee, Livingston, Macon, Marshall, Massac, McDonough, McLean, Mercer, Ogle, Peoria, Perry, Piatt, Pope, Pulaski, Rock Island, St. Claire, Sangamon, Stephenson, Tazewell, White, Whiteside, Woodford
Townships and Cities: Aledo, Alton, Aurora, Belleville, Bloomington, Blue Island, Cairo, Canton, Centralia, Champaign, Chicago, Chicago Heights, Cicero, Danville, De Kalb, Decatur, Dixon, DuQuoin, East Alton, East St. Louis, Elgin, Evanston, Freeport, Galesburg, Granite City, Harvey, Highland Park, Jacksonville, Joliet, Joliet Township, Kankakee, Kewanee, La Salle, Lincoln, Moline, Monmouth, Normal, Oak Park, Olney, Ottawa, Pekin, Peoria, Pontiac, Quincy, Rock Island, Rockford, Springfield, Sterling, Streator, Urbana, Waukegan, Zion
Counties: Blackford, Boone, Carroll, Cass, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Crawford, Dearborn, Decatur, De Kalb, Delaware, Dubois, Fayette, Floyd, Fountain, Franklin, Fulton, Greene, Hancock, Harrison, Hendricks, Howard, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Jennings, Knox, Kosciusko, Lagrange, Lake, La Porte, Lawrence, Marion, Marshall, Martin, Miami, Monroe, Newton, Noble, Ohio, Orange, Owen, Parke, Pike, Porter, Posey, Rush, St. Joseph, Shelby, Starke, Steuben, Sullivan, Tippecanoe, Union, Vanderburgh, Warren, Warrick, White, Whitley
Townships and Cities: Anderson, Bloomington, Brazil, Columbia City, Columbus, Crawfordsville, Crown Point, East Chicago, Elkhart, Elwood, Evansville, Fort Wayne, Frankfort, Gary, Goshen, Hammond, Huntington, Indianapolis, Jeffersonville, Kokomo, Lafayette, La Porte, Logansport, Marion, Michigan City, Mishawaka, Muncie, New Albany, New Castle, Peru, Rensselaer, Richmond, Salem, Shelbyville, South Bend, Sullivan, Tell City, Terre Haute, Valparaiso, Vincennes, Wabash, Whiting
Counties: Adair, Adams, Allamakee, Appanoose, Audubon, Benton, Black Hawk, Boone, Bremer, Buchanan, Buena Vista, Butler, Calhoun, Carroll, Cass, Cedar, Cerro Gordo, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Clarke, Clay, Clayton, Clinton, Dallas, Davis, Decatur, Delaware, Des Moines, Dickinson, Emmet, Fayette, Floyd, Franklin, Greene, Grundy, Guthrie, Hamilton, Hancock, Hardin, Harrison, Henry, Howard, Iowa, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Johnson, Jones, Keokuk, Kossuth, Lee, Linn, Louisa, Lucas, Lyon, Madison, Mahaska, Marion, Marshall, Mitchell, Monona, Monroe, Montgomery, Muscatine, O'Brien, Osceola, Page, Palo Alto, Pocahontas, Polk, Poweshiek, Ringgold, Sac, Scott, Shelby, Sioux, Tama, Taylor, Union, Van Buren, Wapello, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Webster, Winnebago, Winneshiek, Woodbury, Worth, Wright
Townships and Cities: Boone, Burlington, Cedar Rapids, Cherokee, Clinton, Council Bluffs, Davenport, Des Moines, Dubuque, Fort Dodge, Fort Madison, Harlan, Iowa City, Keokuk, Marshalltown, Mason City, Missouri Valley, Muscatine, Ottumwa, Sioux Center, Sioux City, Waterloo, Webster City
Counties: Bourbon, Brown, Butler, Chautauqua, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Clark, Clay, Cloud, Cowley, Decatur, Dickinson, Doniphan, Edwards, Ellsworth, Finney, Ford, Franklin, Gove, Gray, Greenwood, Hamilton, Harper, Harvey, Haskell, Hodgeman, Jackson, Jefferson, Jewell, Johnson, Kearny, Kingman, Labette, Lane, Logan, Lyon, Marion, Marshall, Meade, Mitchell, Montgomery, Nemaha, Neosho, Osage, Osborne, Ottawa, Pawnee, Phillips, Pottawatomie, Pratt, Rawlins, Reno, Republic, Rice, Roosk, Rush, Russell, Saline, Scott, Sedgwick, Seward, Shawnee, Sheridan, Sherman, Smith, Stafford, Stanton, Stevens, Sumner, Thomas, Tooawa, Trego, Wabaunsee, Washington, Wichita, Wilson, Woodson, Wyandotte
Townships and Cities: Atchinson, Chanute, Coffeyville, Emporia, Fort Scott, Hutchinson, Independence, Iola, Kansas City, Lawrence, Leavenworth, Newton, Ottawa, Parsons, Pittsburg, Salina, Topeka, Wichita
Counties: Adair, Allen, Anderson, Ballard, Barren, Bath, Bell, Boone, Bourbon, Boyd, Boyle, Bracken, Breathitt, Breckinridge, Bullitt, Butler, Caldwell, Calloway, Carlisle, Casey, Christian, Clark, Clinton, Crittenden, Daviess, Edmonson, Elliott, Fayette, Franklin, Gallatin, Grant, Graves, Grayson, Green, Greenup, Hancock, Hardin, Harrison, Hart, Henderson, Hickman, Hopkins, Jefferson, Johnson, Kenton, Knott, Knox, Larue, Leslie, Lewis, Lincoln, Livingston, Logan, Lyon, McCracken, McCreary, McLean, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Martin, Mason, Meade, Menifee, Mercer, Metcalfe, Montgomery, Muhlenberg, Nelson, Nicholas, Ohio, Owen, Pendleton, Robertson, Rowan, Russell, Scott, Shelby, Simpson, Spencer, Taylor, Todd, Trigg, Trimble, Union, Warren, Wayne, Webster, Wolfe
Townships and Cities: Ashland, Bowling Green, Covington, Henderson, Lexington, Louisville, Ludlow, Mayfield, Newport, Owensboro, Paducah, Providence
Parishes: Acadia, Allen, Avoyelles, Beauregard, Bienville, Bossier, Caddo, Calcasieu, Caldwell, Cameron, East Baton Rouge, Evangeline, Jackson, Jefferson Davis, Lafayette, LaSalle, Lincoln, Livingston, Ouachita, Red River, Sabine, St. John the Baptist, St. Landry, St. Mary, St. Tammany, Terrebonne, Union, Vernon, Washington, West Baton Rouge, West Carroll, West Feliciana, Winn
Townships and Cities: Alexandria, Baton Rouge, Lake Charles, Monroe, Natchitoches, New Orleans, Shreveport
Counties: Calvert, Caroline, Cecil, Charles, Garrett, Harford, Kent, Queen Annes, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, Worcester
Townships and Cities: Annapolis, Baltimore (independent city), Cumberland, Frederick, Hagerstown, Mount Rainier
Townships and Cities: Adams Town, Arlington Town, Athol, Attleboro, Belmont Town, Beverly, Boston, Brockton, Brookline Town, Cambridge, Chelsea, Chicopee, Clinton, Danvers Town, Dedham Town, Dighton Town, Easthampton Town, Everett, Fall River, Fitchburg, Florence, Framingham Town, Gardner, Gloucester, Grafton Town, Greenfield Town, Haverhill, Hingham Town, Holyoke, Lawrence, Leominster, Lexington Town, Lowell, Lynn, Malden, Marlborough, Maynard Town, Medford, Melrose, Middleborough Town, Milford Town, Nantucket, New Bedford, Newburyport, Newton, North Adams, North Attleborough, Northampton, Norwood Town, Orange Town, Peabody, Pittsfield, Plymouth, Quincy, Revere, Salem, Somerville, Southbridge Town, Springfield, Taunton, Wakefield Town, Waltham, Watertown Town, Webster, Westfield, Weymounth Town, Winchester Town, Winthrop Town, Woburn, Worcester
Counties: Alcona, Allegan, Alpena, Antrim, Arenac, Barry, Benzie, Berrien, Cass, Cheboygan, Chippewa, Clare, Crawford, Delta, Dickinson, Eaton, Genesee, Gladwin, Grand Traverse, Hancock, Huron, Ingham, Iosco, Iron, Kalkaska, Kent, Lake, Laurium, Leelanau, Luce, Mackinac, Marquette, Mason, Mecosta, Midland, Missaukee, Montcalm, Ontonagon, Ottawa, Roscommon, Saginaw, St. Clair, Sanilac, Shiawassee
Townships and Cities: Adrian, Alpena, Ann Arbor, Battle Creek, Bay City, Benton Harbor, Cadillac, Detroit, Escanaba, Flint, Grand Rapids, Hamtramck, Hancock, Highland Park, Holland, Iron Mountain, Ironwood, Ishpeming, Jackson, Kalamazoo, Laurium, Ludington, Manistee, Marquette, Menominee, Mount Clemens, Muskegon, Nagaunee, Newberry, Owosso, Petoskey, Pontiac, Port Huron, Saginaw, Sault Ste. Marie, Traverse City
Counties: Anoka, Becker, Beltrami, Benton, Big Stone, Blue Earth, Carlton, Carver, Cass, Chisago, Clay, Cottonwood, Crow Wing, Dakota, Dodge, Douglas, Faribault, Fillmore, Freeborn, Goodhue, Grant, Hennepin, Houston, Hubbard, Isanti, Jackson, Kanabec, Kandiyohi, Kittson, Koochiching, Lac qui Parle, Lake, Le Sueur, Lincoln, Mahnomen, Marshall, Martin, McLeod, Meeker, Mille Lacs, Morrison, Nicollet, Nobles, Norman, Olmsted, Otter Trail, Pennington, Pine, Pipestone, Polk, Pope, Ramsey, Red Lake, Redwood, Renville, Rice, Rock, Roseau, St. Louis, Sherburne, Sibley, Stearns, Steele, Stevens, Swift, Todd, Traverse, Wabasha, Wadena, Waseca, Washington, Watonwan, Wilkin, Winona
Townships and Cities: Austin, Bemidji, Brainerd, Cloquet, Duluth, Eveleth, Faribault, Hibbing, Mankato, Minneapolis, Northfield, Red Wing, Rochester, St. Cloud, St. Paul, St. Peter, Stillwater, Two Harbors, Virginia, Winona
Counties: Alcorn, Amite, Bolivar, Carroll, Chickasaw, Clarke, Clay, Covington, Forrest, Franklin, George, Grenada, Harrison, Itawamba, Jackson, Jefferson Davis, Jones, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Leflore, Lowndes, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Montgomery, Neshoba, Newton, Noxubee, Oktibbeha, Panola, Pearl River, Perry, Pike, Pontotoc, Prentiss, Sharkey, Sunflower, Tallahatchie, Tippah, Union, Walthall, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Webster, Winston, Yalobusha, Yazoo
Townships and Cities: Aberdeen, Amory, Biloxi, Columbia, Columbus, Hattiesburg, Jackson, Laurel, Meridian, Moss Point, Natchez, Vicksburg
Counties: Andrew, Atchison, Barry, Barton, Bates, Bollinger, Boone, Buchanan, Butler, Caldwell, Callaway, Camden, Carroll, Cass, Cedar, Chariton, Christian, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Cole, Crawford, Daviess, De Kalb, Franklin, Gasconade, Greene, Grundy, Harrison, Henry, Holt, Howard, Howell, Jackson, Jefferson, Johnson, Laclede, Lafayette, Lewis, Linn, Livingston, Macon, Maries, Marion, Miller, Montieau, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, New Madrid, Newton, Nodaway, Oregon, Osage, Pemiscot, Pettis, Phelps, Polk, Putnam, Ralls, Ray, Reynolds, Ripley, St. Charles, St. Louis (independent city), St. Louis (county), Ste. Genevieve, Saline, Schuyler, Scotland, Scott, Shelby, Stone, Sullivan, Taney, Texas, Vernon, Warren, Wayne, Worth
Townships and Cities: Aurora, Buckner, Cape Girardeau, Carrollton, Carthage, Chillicothe, Clinton, Columbia, Grain Valley, Hannibal, Jefferson City, Joplin, Kansas City, Moberly, Oak Grove, Springfield, St. Charles, St. Joseph, Sedalia, Slater, Trenton, University City, Webb City
Counties: Beaverhead, Big Horn, Blaine, Broadwater, Carbon, Carter, Cascade, Chouteau, Custer, Dawson, Deer Lodge, Fallon, Fergus, Flathead, Gallatin, Garfield, Glacier, Granite, Jefferson, Lewis and Clark, Lincoln, Madison, McCone, Meagher, Mineral, Missoula, Musselshell, Park, Phillips, Pondera, Powder River, Prairie, Ravalli, Richland, Roosevelt, Rosebud, Sanders, Sheridan, Stillwater, Sweet Grass, Teton, Toole, Treasure, Valley, Wheatland, Wibaux, Yellowstone
Townships and Cities: Anaconda, Bozeman, Billings, Butte, Great Falls, Helena, Kalispell, Livingston, Missoula, Red Lodge, Roundup
Counties: Adams, Antelope, Arthur, Blaine, Boone, Box Butte, Brown, Buffalo, Burt, Cass, Chase, Clay, Cuming, Custer, Dakota, Dawes, Deuel, Dixon, Douglas, Fillmore, Franklin, Furnas, Garfield, Grant, Hall, Harlan, Hayes, Holt, Hooker, Jefferson, Johnson, Kearney, Keith, Keya Paha, Kimball, Knox, Lancaster, Logan, Loup, McPherson, Nance, Otoe, Perkins, Phelps, Platte, Polk, Red Willow, Richardson, Rock, Sarpy, Saunders, Scotts Bluff, Seward, Sheridan, Sioux, Stanton, Thayer, Thomas, Valley, Wayne, Webster, York
Townships and Cities: Beatrice, Fremont, Grand Island, Hastings, Kearney, Lincoln, Nebraska City, Omaha
Counties: Bergen, Essex, Union
Townships and Cities: Asbury Park, Atlantic City, Bayonne, Bloomfield, Bridgeton, Burlington, Camden, Clifton, Collingswood, Dover, East Orange, Elizabeth, Englewood, Garfield, Glen Ridge, Glouster City, Hackensack, Harrison, Hoboken, Irvington, Jersey City, Kearny, Long Branch, Millville, Montclair, Morristown, New Brunswick, Newark, Orange, Passaic, Paterson, Perth Amboy, Phillipsburg, Plainfield, Rahway, South Orange, Trenton, Union City, West Hoboken, West New York, West Orange
Counties: Bernalillo, Chaves, Colfax, Curry, De Baca, Do¤a Ana, Grant, Hidalgo, Lea, Lincoln, Luna, Mora, Otero, Rio Arriba, San Juan, Sandoval, Sierra, Socorro, Taos, Union, Valencia
Townships and Cities: Albuquerque
Counties: Alleghany, Bronx (borough and county coextensive), Genesee, Greene, Kings (borough of Brooklyn and county of Kings coextensive), Monroe, Nassau, New York (borough of Manhattan and county of New York coextensive), Onondaga, Queens (borough and county coextensive), Richmond (borough and county coextensive), Schoharie, Wayne, Yates
Townships and Cities: Albany, Amsterdam, Auburn, Batavia, Binghamton, Bronx (borough and county coextensive), Brooklyn (borough of Brooklyn and county of Kings coextensive), Buffalo, Cohoes, Corning, Cortland, Dunkirk, Elmira Heights, Fulton, Geneva, Glens Falls, Gloversville, Hornell, Hudson, Ithaca, Jamestown, Johnstown, Kingston, Lackawanna, Little Falls, Lockport, Manhattan (borough of Manhattan and county of New York coextensive), Middletown, Mount Vernon, New Rochelle, Newburgh, Niagara Falls, North Tonawanda, Ogdensburg, Olean, Oneida, Oneonta, Ossining Town, Oswego, Port Chester, Poughkeepsie, Queens (borough and county coextensive), Rensselaer, Richmond (borough and county coextensive), Rochester, Rome, Salamanca, Schenectady, Solvay, Syracuse, Tonawanda, Troy, Utica, Watertown, Watervliet, White Plains, Yonkers
Counties: Anson, Avery, Caswell, Columbus, Dare, Durham, Forsyth, Granville, Greene, Halifax, Harnett, Haywood, Jackson, Mitchell, Montgomery, Orange, Randolph, Rockingham, Stokes, Surry, Wake, Wilkes, Yadkin
Townships and Cities: Ashville, Burlington, Charlotte, Concord, Durham, Elizabeth City, Greensboro, High Point, Kinston, Raleigh, Rocky Mount, Wilmington, Winston-Salem
Counties: Adams, Barnes, Benson, Billings, Bottineau, Bowman, Burke, Cass, Cavalier, Dickey, Divide, Dunn, Eddy, Emmons, Foster, Golden Valley, Grand Forks, Grant, Hettinger, La Moure, Logan, McHenry, McIntosh, McLean, Mercer, Morton, Mountrail, Nelson, Oliver, Pembina, Pierce, Ramsey, Ransom, Renville, Richland, Rolette, Sheridan, Sioux, Slope, Stark, Steele, Stutsman, Towner, Traill, Ward, Wells, Williams
Townships and Cities: Fargo, Grand Forks
Counties: Ashtabula, Athens, Auglaize, Belmont, Butler, Champaign, Clinton, Columbiana, Coshocton, Crawford, Defiance, Delaware, Erie, Fairfield, Franklin, Geauga, Greene, Guernsey, Hamilton, Hancock, Hardin, Henry, Highland, Holmes, Huron, Jackson, Jefferson, Knox, Lake, Licking, Logan, Lorain, Lucas, Marion, Medina, Meigs, Miami, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Noble, Paulding, Pickaway, Pike, Preble, Richland, Sandusky, Seneca, Stark, Summit, Union, Van Wert, Wayne, Williams, Wood, Wyandot
Townships and Cities: Akton, Alliance, Ashtabula, Barberton, Bellaire, Bellefontaine, Bucyrus, Cambridge, Chillicothe, Canton, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, Conneaut, Coshocton, Cuyahoga Falls, Dayton, Deleware, East Cleveland, East Liverpool, Elyria, Findlay, Fostoria (Hancock and Seneca Counties:), Fremont, Hamilton, Ionton, Lakewood, Lancaster, Lima, Lorain, Mansfield, Marietta, Marion, Massillon, Miami Township, Middletown, Mount Vernon, Newark, Niles, Norwood, Piqua, Sandusky, Shelby, Springfield, Steubenville, Struthers, Tiffin, Toledo, Troy, Van Wert, Warren, Xenia, Youngstown, Zanesville
Counties: Adair, Alfalfa, Atoka, Beaver, Blaine, Bryan, Canadian, Carter, Cimarron, Cotton, Creek, Delaware, Garvin, Grady, Grant, Harper, Haskell, Johnston, Kay, Kingfisher, Kiowa, Lincoln, Love, Major, Marshall, Mayes, McCurtain, McIntosh, Murray, Muskogee, Noble, Okfuskee, Okmulgee, Osage, Ottawa, Pittsburg, Pontotoc, Pottawatomie, Pushmataha, Sequoyah, Texas, Tillman, Tulsa, Wagoner, Washita, Woods, Woodward
Townships and Cities: Ardmore, Chickasha, Enid, Guthrie, McAlester, Muskogee, Oklahoma City, Okmulgee, Sapula, Shawnee, Tulsa, Waurika
Counties: Baker, Benton, Clackamas, Clatsop, Columbia, Coos, Crook, Deschutes, Douglas, Gilliam, Grant, Hood River, Jackson, Jefferson, Klamath, Lake, Lane, Linn, Malheur, Marion, Morrow, Multnomah, Polk, Sherman, Umatilla, Wasco, Washington
Townships and Cities: Astoria, Corvallis, Eugene, Friend, Medford, Oregon City, Portland, Salem
Counties: Beaver, Blair, Bradford, Cambria, Carbon, Clarion, Cumberland, Dauphin, Monroe, Philadelphia (city and county coextensive), Washington
Townships and Cities: Allentown, Altoona, Ambler, Ashland, Bethlehem, Braddock, Bradford, Bristol, Butler, Carbondale, Carlisle, Chambersburg, Charleroi, Chester, Coatsville, Columbia, Connellsville, Donora, Duquesne, Duryea, East Lansdowne, Easton, Erie, Etna, Farrell, Franklin, Greensburg, Harrisburg, Hazelton, Homestead, Jeannette, Johnstown, Lancaster, Lansford, Latrobe, Lebanon, Mahanoy City, Meadville, McKees Rocks, McKeesport, Monessen, Munhall, Nanticoke, New Castle, Norristown, North Braddock, Northampton, Oil City, Philadelphia (city and county coextensive), Phoenixville, Pottstown, Pottsville, Pittsburgh, Rankin, Reading, Scottdale, Scranton, Shamokin, Sharon, Sharpsburg, Shenandoah, Steelton, Sunbury, Tamaqua, Taylor, Titusville, Uniontown, Warren, West Chester, West Homestaed, West Hazelton, Wilkes-Barre, Wilkinsburg, Williamsport, Windber, York
Counties: Allendale, McCormick, Richland, Spartanburg, Williamsburg
Townships and Cities: Charleston, Columbia, Greenville, Orangeburg, Spartanburg, Sumter
Counties: Aurora, Beadle, Bon Homme, Brookings, Brown, Brule, Buffalo, Butte, Campbell, Charles Mix, Clark, Clay, Codington, Corson, Custer, Davison, Day, Deuel, Dewey, Douglas, Edmunds, Fall River, Faulk, Gregory, Haakon, Hamlin, Hand, Hanson, Harding, Hughes, Jackson, Jerauld, Jones, Kingsbury, Lawrence, Lincoln, Lyman, Marshall, McCook, McPherson, Meade, Miner, Minnehaha, Moody, Pennington, Perkins, Potter, Roberts, Sanborn, Stanley, Sully, Tripp, Turner, Union, Yankton, Ziebach
Township and Cities: Aberdeen, Lead, Madison, Mitchell, Sioux Falls
Counties: Anderson, Bedford, Bledsoe, Blount, Bradley, Cheatham, Claiborne, Clay, Cumberland, Davidson, Decatur, Dickson, Dyer, Fayette, Franklin, Gibson, Greene, Grundy, Hamblen, Hamilton, Hancock, Hardeman, Hardin, Hawkins, Haywood, Henderson, Henry, Hickman, Humphreys, Jackson, Johnson, Lincoln, Loudon, Macon, Madison, Marion, Maury, McMinn, McNairy, Meigs, Monroe, Moore, Obion, Overton, Pickett, Robertson, Scott, Sevier, Shelby, Stewart, Sullivan, Unicoi, Union, Van Buren, Warren, White, Williamson, Wilson
Townships and Cities: Bristol, Chattanooga, Clarksville, Jackson, Knoxville, Memphis, Nashville
Counties: Arkansas, Armstrong, Austin, Baylor, Bee, Bexar, Blanco, Borden, Bosque, Bowie, Brazoria, Brown, Burleson, Burnet, Caldwell, Calhoun, Callahan, Camp, Carson, Cass, Castro, Chambers, Cherokee, Childress, Clay, Coleman, Collingsworth, Concho, Coryell, Cottle, Dawson, Deaf Smith, Dickens, Donley, Eastland, Ector, Ellis, Falls, Fayette, Fisher, Foard, Fort Bend, Garza, Gillespie, Glasscock, Gonzales, Gray, Gregg, Grimes, Hamilton, Hardeman, Hardin, Harris, Harrison, Hartley, Haskell, Hays, Hemphill, Hill, Hood, Hopkins, Howard, Hudspeth, Hunt, Hutchinson, Jack, Jackson, Jeff Davis, Jefferson, Jim Wells, Johnson, Jones, Karnes, Kaufman, Kenedy, Kent, Kerr, Kimble, King, Knox, Lamar, Lamb, Lampasas, Lavaca, Lee, Limestone, Lipscomb, Live Oak, Lynn, Madison, Marion, Martin, Mason, Matagorda, Maverick, McCulloch, Medina, Menard, Midland, Milam, Montgomery, Moore, Morris, Navarro, Nolan, Nueces, Ochiltree, Orange, Palo Pinto, Panola, Parker, Parmer, Polk, Potter, Presidio, Rains, Randall, Refugio, Roberts, Robertson, Rockwall, Runnels, Sabine, San Patricio, San Saba, Scurry, Shelby, Sherman, Smith, Somervell, Stephens, Sterling, Stonewall, Sutton, Swisher, Terry, Throckmorton, Titus, Tom Green, Trinity, Tyler, Upshur, Upton, Uvalde, Val Verde, Van Zandt, Waller, Ward, Washington, Wheeler, Wichita, Wilbarger, Wilson, Wise, Wood, Yoakum, Young, Zapata, Zavala
Townships and Cities: Amarillo, Austin, Beaumont, Brownsville, Bryan, Corpus Christi, Dallas, Denison, Eagle Pass, El Paso, Fort Worth, Galveston, Greenville, Hereford, Houston, Loredo, Orange, Paris, San Angelo, San Antonio, San Marcos, Sherman, Waco, Wichita Falls
Counties: Accomack, Albemarle, Alleghany, Amelia, Amherst, Appomattox, Augusta, Bath, Bedford, Bland, Botetourt, Buchanan, Buckingham, Campbell, Caroline, Carroll, Charles City, Charlotte, Chesterfield, Clarke, Craig, Culpeper, Cumberland, Dickenson, Dinwiddie, Fairfax, Fauquier, Floyd, Fluvanna, Frederick, Giles, Gloucester, Grayson, Greene, Greensville, Halifax, Hanover, Henry, Highland, Isle of Wight, James City, King and Queen, King William, Lancaster, Lee, Loudoun, Louisa, Lunenburg, Madison, Mathews, Mecklenburg, Middlesex, Montgomery, Nansemond, Nelson, New Kent, Norfolk, Northampton, Northumberland, Nottoway, Orange, Patrick, Pittsylvania, Powhatan, Prince Edward, Prince William, Princess Anne, Pulaski, Rockbridge, Rockingham, Scott, Shenandoah, Smyth, Southampton, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Sussex, Tazewell, Warren, Warwick, Washington, Westmoreland, Wise, Wythe, York
Independent Cities: Alexandria, Bristol, Charlottesville, Danville, Fredericksburg, Hampton, Harrisonburg, Hopewell, Lynchburg, Newport News, Petersburg, Portsmouth, Richmond, Roanoke, Suffolk, Winchester
Counties: Adams, Asotin, Benton, Chelan, Clallam, Clark, Cowlitz, Douglas, Ferry, Franklin, Garfield, Grays Harbor, King, Kitsap, Kittitas, Lewis, Lincoln, Mason, Okanogan, Pacific, Pend Oreille, Pierce, San Juan, Skagit, Skamania, Snohomish, Spokane, Stevens, Thurston, Wahkiakum, Whatcom, Whitman, Yakima
Townships and Cities: Aberdeen, Bellingham, Centralia, Chehalis, Everett, Hoquiam, Mount Vernon, Olympia, Seattle, Spokane, Tacoma, Vancouver, Walla Walla, Yakima
Counties: Berkeley, Brooke, Gilmer, Marshall, Monogalia, Morgan, Pleasants, Wetzel
Townships and Cities: Bluefield, Charleston, Clarksburg, Fairmont, Moundsville, Parkersburg, Wheeling
Counties: Adams, Ashland, Barron, Bayfield, Buffalo, Burnett, Chippewa, Clark, Columbia, Crawford, Dane, Dodge, Door, Douglas, Dunn, Eau Claire, Florence, Fond du Lac, Forest, Grant, Green, Green Lake, Iowa, Iron, Jackson, Jefferson, Juneau, Kewaunee, La Crosse, Lafayette, Langlade, Lincoln, Manitowoc, Marathon, Marquette, Marinette, Monroe, Oconto, Oneida, Outagamie, Ozaukee, Pepin, Pierce, Polk, Portage, Price, Racine, Richland, Rock, Rusk, St. Croix, Sauk, Sawyer, Shawano, Sheboygan, Taylor, Trempealeau, Vernon, Vilas, Walworth, Washburn, Washington, Waukesha, Waupaca, Waushara, Winnebago, Wood
Townships and Cities: Appleton, Beloit, Chippewa Falls, Eau Claire, Fond du Lac, Green Bay, Janesville, Kenosha, La Crosse, Madison, Manitowoc, Marinette, Menesha, Merrill, Milwaukee, Neenah, Oshkosh, Racine, Sheboygan, Stevens Point, Superior, Watertown, Waukesha, Wausau
Panama Canal Zone
Microfilm Availability and Access
Microfilmed copies of census records are available at the National Archives Building in Washington, DC, at NARA's 13 regional archives, through the National Archives Microfilm Rental Program, and at many large libraries and genealogical societies that have purchased all or some of the microfilm, and through purchase.
The National Archives Microfilm Rental Program rents microfilm of federal population schedules from 1790 through 1930 and Soundexes from 1880 through 1930. The program also rents microfilm of American Revolutionary War military service records and indexes, pension files, and bounty land warrant files. For a free brochure that describes the program, write or call National Archives Microfilm Rental Program, P.O. Box 30, Annapolis Junction, MD 20701-0030, 301-604-3699.
Ordering Paper Copies by Mail
The National Archives in Washington, DC, can provide paper copies of specifically identified pages of federal population census schedules through the mail. You can order online or use NATF Form 82 (rev. 1990) and provide the following information: the name of the individual, the page number, census year, state, and county. For the 1880 through 1930 censuses, the enumeration district is also necessary.
Frequently it is possible to use a census index to locate this information. Many private firms have produced statewide indexes to census records for specific years. These generally are available throughout the country in National Archives regional archives and in libraries that have genealogical collections.
Microfilm copies of census records are also available for purchase. The schedules are on 35mm microfilm; the Soundex is on 16mm. An entire county or enumeration district may be on one or more rolls of microfilm.
All microfilm publications of National Archives records are for sale. You can buy either individual rolls or a complete set (all rolls).
publication number; if you are not buying a complete set, also state the specific roll numbers.
Check your order immediately upon receipt for errors, completeness, or damage in shipping. You must notify the Publications Distribution of any problems within 60 days. Do not return microfilm orders without written permission from the Publications Distribution.
If you need more information on how to order, details of specific shipping charges, or help identifying which rolls of a publication you wish to purchase, please contact:
Publications Distribution (NECD)
National Archives, Room G9
Seventh and Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20408
Include in your inquiry the census year, the state, and the county or enumeration district.
Copies of National Archives microfilm publications may also be purchased from Scholarly Resources, Inc., 104 Greenhill Avenue, Wilmington, DE 19805 (telephone 302-654-7713/fax 302- 654-3871). Copies available for sale from other sources have not been authorized or duplicated by the National Archives and may be one or more generations removed from the master materials--adversely affecting the quality and legibility of each image.
For current information about hours of operation, please call the appropriate regional records services facility.
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