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1920 Federal Population Census - Microfilm Catalog - Part 1

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This catalog lists the 1920 population schedules, reproduced as microfilm publication T625, and the 1920 Soundex indexes.

This microfilm has been reproduced by the National Archives and Records Administration from the highest quality master negatives available from the Bureau of the Census. The original film includes defects that affect the legibility of some frames; the original schedules no longer exist.

This catalog supplements the Federal Population Censuses, 1790-1890, the 1900 Federal Population Census, and the 1910 Federal Population Census catalogs, which contain details for ordering copies of the population schedules for 1790-1910 and of the 1880-1910 Soundexes.

Printed versions of these catalogs can also be ordered. For information about fees and the ordering of these catalogs, please contact Publications Distribution (NECD), National Archives, Room G9, Seventh and Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20408; telephone 202-501-7190 or toll-free 1-866-272-6272.

1920 Census Schedules (T625)

On January 2, 1920, at 9:00 a.m., the Bureau of the Census began taking the 14th decennial census of the United States. The Department of Agriculture had requested that the date be changed from the traditional spring/early summer dates to January. The department argued that harvests would be completed and information about the harvests fresh in farmers' minds, and more people would be at home in January than in April.

The 1920 census schedules are arranged by state or territory, and thereunder by county, and finally by enumeration district. The states are arranged alphabetically; however, Alaska, Guam and American Samoa, Hawaii, military and naval schedules, the Panama Canal, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands (taken in 1917) are listed last. There was no separate Indian schedule for 1920.

The format and information in the 1920 census schedules closely resemble that of the 1910 census. The 1920 census, however, did not ask about unemployment on the day of the census, nor did it ask about service in the Union or Confederate army or navy. Questions about the number of children born and how long a couple had been married were also omitted. The bureau modified the enumeration of inmates of institutions and dependent, defective, and delinquent classes. The 1920 census included four new questions: one asking the year of naturalization and three about mother tongue.

Because of the changes in some boundaries following World War I, enumerators were instructed to report the province (state or region) or city of persons declaring they or their parents had been born in Austria-Hungary, Germany, Russia, or Turkey. If a person had been born in any other foreign country, only the name of the country was to be entered.

The instructions to the enumerators did not require that individuals spell out their names. Enumerators wrote down the information given to them; they were not authorized to request proof of age, date of arrival, or other information. People were known to change their ages between censuses, and some people claimed not to know their age. The race determination was based on the enumerator's impressions.

Individuals were enumerated as residents of the place in which they regularly slept, not where they worked or might be visiting. People with no regular residence, including "floaters" and members of transient railroad or construction camps, were enumerated as residents of the place where they were when the enumeration was taken. Enumerators were also to ask if any family members were temporarily absent; if so, these were to be listed either with the household or on the last schedule for the census subdivision. Thus, the user should always check that page. The answers that appear on the microfilmed schedules depend upon what the enumerator recorded and what the people interviewed told the enumerator.

The microfilm may also show code numbers or letters in some of the columns. Clerks added these codes in red ink (which cannot be distinguished on the microfilm) after the census, to be punched into the cards used to tabulate the census results. The codes usually represent household composition, occupation and class of worker, or simply marks made in the coding, punching, or tabulating operations themselves and should be ignored.



The Bureau of the Census created and filmed Soundex index cards for the entire 1920 census. The Soundex is a coded surname (last name) index based on the way a surname sounds rather than how it is spelled. Surnames that sound the same but are spelled differently, like SMITH and SMYTH, have the same code and are filed together. The Soundex coding system was developed to find a surname even though it may have been recorded under various spellings. The National Archives has assigned a separate microfilm publication for each state and territory.

The Bureau of the Census used two separate Soundex cards, the "family card" and the "individual card." Both types of cards are arranged numerically by the Soundex code and then alphabetically by the first name of the head of the household on the family cards and the first name of the individual on the individual cards.

The individual card gives the names of people other than those in the immediate household (husband, wife, son, daughter) that are enumerated with a family. These include grandparents, cousins, boarders, and servants. The card also shows the name of the head of the household or the institution name where the person is living.

The information on the Soundex card includes the surname, first name, state and county of residence, city (if appropriate), age, place of birth, and whether a U.S. citizen. Each card also lists the volume, enumeration district, sheet number, and line number where the person can be found on the population schedule.

The Soundex Coding System

Every Soundex code consists of a letter and three numbers, such as S-650. The letter is always the first letter of the surname, whether it is a vowel or a consonant. Disregard the remaining vowels and W, Y, and H and assign numbers to the next three consonants of the surname according to the Soundex coding guide. If there are not three consonants following the initial letter, use zeros to fill out the three-digit code.

Most surnames can be coded using the Soundex coding guide. Names with prefixes, double letters, or letters side by side that have the same number of the Soundex coding system are described below.

Soundex Coding Guide

  Code     Key Letters and Equivalents

   1       b, p, f, v

   2       c, s, k, g, j, q, x, z

   3       d, t

   4       l

   5       m, n

   6       r


Names with Prefixes

If the surname has a prefix, such as van, Von, De, Di, or Le, code it both with and without the prefix because it might be listed under either code. The surname vanDevanter, for example, could be V-531 or D-153.

Mc and Mac are not considered prefixes.

Names with Double Letters

If the surname has any double letters, they should be treated as one letter. Thus, in the surname Lloyd, the second L should be crossed out, in the surname Gutierrez, the second R should be crossed out.

Names with Letters Side by Side That Have the Same Number on the Soundex Coding Guide

A surname may have different letters that are side by side and have the same number on the Soundex coding guide; for example, PF in Pfister (1 is the number for both P and F); CKS in Jackson (2 is the number for C, K, and S). These letters should be treated as one letter. Thus in the name Pfister, F should be crossed out; in the name Jackson, K and S should be crossed out.


Research Hints

— On the schedules, the enumerators sometimes transposed the number of the supervisor's district and the enumeration district (ED). The EDs and visitation numbers, however, remain in the correct numerical order.

— The Soundex card is not always accurate. If you initially cannot find a person listed, the card may be out of order. If the person is not where he or she is listed to be, it may be necessary to read the entire page of the schedule, the entire enumeration district, or the entire county.

— Not everyone enumerated on the schedule is on the Soundex, as some names were missed by the indexer. In that case, it may be necessary to read the entire county.

— Many institutions, even if enumerated at their street addresses, are found at the end of the enumeration district.


Enumeration Districts (EDs)

Census schedules are arranged by state or territory, thereunder by county, and beginning in 1880 by enumeration district (ED). EDs were the areas that an enumerator covered in taking the census. To consult the schedules for a particular town, a minor civil division or geographical area, or a ward of a large city, one must know the enumeration district. National Archives Microfilm Publication T1224 describes ED boundaries as they were in 1920; present-day boundaries may not be the same.

Rolls 41-60 of Descriptions of Census Enumeration Districts, 1830-1890 and 1910-1950 (T1224) identify the enumeration district number assigned within the state, county, and city for the 1920 census. The descriptions are arranged alphabetically by state and thereunder by supervisor's district, which is a large geographic area that covers several counties. The descriptions are then arranged by county and thereunder by township or city. The ED is listed on the left-hand side of the page. Below are examples from T1224.

1920 Enumeration Districts (T1224)

Roll 41  Alabama, [Alaska, see roll 60], Arizona, Arkansas

  Roll 42  California, [Canal Zone, see roll 60], Colorado

  Roll 43  Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida,

           Georgia, Idaho, [Hawaii, see roll 60]

  Roll 44  Illinois

  Roll 45  Indiana, Iowa

  Roll 46  Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana

  Roll 47  Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts

  Roll 48  Michigan, Minnesota

  Roll 49  Mississippi, Missouri

  Roll 50  Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey,

           New Mexico

  Roll 51  New Jersey, New York supervisor's districts 1 and 2

           (Manhattan and Bronx), and supervisor's district 3

           (part Kings County)

  Roll 52  New York supervisor's district 3 (part), supervisor's

           districts 4 to 6 (Queens and Richmond), supervisor's

           districts 7 to 22. 

  Roll 53  North Carolina, North Dakota

  Roll 54  Ohio

  Roll 55  Oklahoma and Oregon, [Panama, see roll 60]

  Roll 56  Pennsylvania, [Puerto Rico, see roll 60]

  Roll 57  Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee

  Roll 58  Texas, Utah, Vermont

  Roll 59  [Virgin Islands, see roll 60], Virginia, Washington

  Roll 60  West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Alaska, Hawaii,

           Panama, Canal Zone, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands 


  There are no descriptions of enumeration districts for Guam or

  American Samoa. Military and naval districts as well as

  institutions such as jails and almshouses are listed as

  separate EDs in the state.



1920 Enumeration District Maps

The Bureau of the Census produced enumeration district maps for many counties, cities, and towns. Those available for the 1920 census are listed below. To order copies of the maps, contact the Cartographic and Architectural Branch (NNSC), National Archives, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740- 6001. The prices vary with the size of the map.


Counties: Autauga, Barbour, Blount, Bullock, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Escambia, Etowah, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lee, Limestone, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Montgomery, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, St. Claire, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington

Townships and Cities: Anniston, Birmingham, Fairfield, Mobile, Montgomery, Selma, Sheffield





Counties: Cochise, Maricopa, Mohave, Navajo, Pinal, Santa Cruz, Yavapai

Townships and Cities: Globe, Phoenix, Tucson


Counties: Arkansas, Ashley, Benton, Bradley, Calhoun, Conway, Dallas, Drew, Fulton, Garland, Hot Spring, Howard, Independence, Izard, Lawrence, Miller, Monroe, Montgomery, Perry, Pulaski, Scott, Searcy, Sevier, Stone, Washington, White, Yell

Townships and Cities: Fort Smith, Helena, Hot Springs, Little Rock, North Little Rock, Pine Bluff


Counties: Amador, Butte, Calaveras, Colusa, Del Norte, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Imperial, Kern, Kings, Lake, Lassen, Los Angeles, Madera, Mariposa, Mendocino, Merced, Modoc, Mono, Monterey, Napa, Nevada, Orange, Placer, Plumas, Riverside, Sacramento, San Benito, San Diego, San Francisco (city and county coextensive), San Joaquin, San Luis Obisbo, Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz, Shasta, Siskiyou, Solano, Sonoma, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tehama, Trinity, Tulare, Tuolumne, Ventura, Yolo, Yuba

Townships and Cities: Alameda, Alhambra, Bakersfield, Berkeley, Eden Township, Eureka, Fresno, Glendale, Hayward, La Verne, Livermore, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Oakland, Ontario, Pasadena, Piedmont, Pleasanton, Pleasanton Township, Pomona, Red Bluff, Redlands, Riverside, Sacramento, San Bernadino, San Diego, San Francisco (city and county coextensive), San Jose, San Leandro, Santa Ana, Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz, Santa Monica, Stockton, Vallejo, Washington Township


Counties: Adams, Baca, Bent, Boulder, Chaffee, Cheyenne, Clear Creek, Costilla, Crowley, Denver (city and county coextensive), Douglas, Fremont, Garfield, Grand, Hinsdale, Huerfano, Kiowa, Kit Carson, Larimer, Logan, Mesa, Moffat, Montrose, Morgan, Pueblo, Routt, Saguache, San Miguel, Summit, Teller, Washington, Weld

Townships and Cities: Boulder, Canon City, Colorado Springs, Cripple Creek, Denver (city and county coextensive), Fort Collins, Goldfield, Greeley, Leadville, Longmont, Pueblo, Salida, Sterling, Trinidad, Victor


Counties: none

Townships and Cities: Ansonia, Bridgeport, Bristol Town, Danbury, Hartford, Manchester Town, Meriden, Middletown, New Britain, New Haven, New London, Norwalk, Norwich, Rockville, Stamford, Torrington, Wallingford, Waterbury, West Haven Town, Willimantic, Winchester Town, Winsted


Counties: none

Townships and Cities: Wilmington

District of Columbia

Washington (city and district coexistent)


Counties: Alachua, Baker, Bradford, Broward, Calhoun, Citrus, Columbia, Dade, De Soto, Duval, Escambia, Gadsden, Hamilton, Hernando, Hillsborough, Holmes, Lafayette, Lake, Levy, Liberty, Manatee, Marion, Monroe, Okaloosa, Okeechobee, Orange, Osceola, Palm Beach, Pasco, Pinellas, Putnam, St. Johns, St. Lucie, Santa Rosa, Sumter, Suwannee, Taylor, Volusia, Wakulla, Walton, Washington

Townships and Cities: Bradenton, Jacksonville, Key West, Kissimmee, Lakeland, Miami, Okeechobee, Orlando, Pensacola, Tampa


Counties: Barrow, Bartow, Bulloch, Calhoun, Campbell, Carroll, Chattooga, Cherokee, Fayette, Fulton, Greene, Habersham, Hall, Haralson, Hart, Heard, Houston, Jasper, Jefferson, Lee, Liberty, Lincoln, Madison, McDuffie, Milton, Monroe, Montgomery, Muscogee, Oglethorpe, Pickens, Putnam, Richmond, Stephens, Tattnall, Taylor, Telfair, Terrell, Troup, Turner, Wilcox

Townships and Cities: Americus, Athens, Atlanta, Augusta, Brunswick, Columbus, Gainesville, Macon, Savannah, Waycross


Counties: none

Townships and Cities: Honolulu


Counties: Ada, Bannock, Benewah, Bingham, Blaine, Boise, Butte, Caribou, Cassia, Clark, Franklin, Fremont, Gooding, Idaho, Jefferson, Jerome, Latah, Lincoln, Madison, Minidoka, Owyhee, Power, Teton, Twin Falls, Valley

Townships and Cities: Boise City, Idaho Falls, Nampa, Pocatello


Counties: Boone, Brown, Calhoun, Carroll, Champaign, Clark, Cook, De Kalb, De Witt, Du Page, Edgar, Effingham, Fulton, Gallatin, Hancock, Henderson, Iroquois, Jasper, Kane, Kankakee, Kendall, Lake, Lee, Livingston, Macon, Marshall, Massac, McDonough, McLean, Mercer, Ogle, Peoria, Perry, Piatt, Pope, Pulaski, Rock Island, St. Claire, Sangamon, Stephenson, Tazewell, White, Whiteside, Woodford

Townships and Cities: Aledo, Alton, Aurora, Belleville, Bloomington, Blue Island, Cairo, Canton, Centralia, Champaign, Chicago, Chicago Heights, Cicero, Danville, De Kalb, Decatur, Dixon, DuQuoin, East Alton, East St. Louis, Elgin, Evanston, Freeport, Galesburg, Granite City, Harvey, Highland Park, Jacksonville, Joliet, Joliet Township, Kankakee, Kewanee, La Salle, Lincoln, Moline, Monmouth, Normal, Oak Park, Olney, Ottawa, Pekin, Peoria, Pontiac, Quincy, Rock Island, Rockford, Springfield, Sterling, Streator, Urbana, Waukegan, Zion


Counties: Blackford, Boone, Carroll, Cass, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Crawford, Dearborn, Decatur, De Kalb, Delaware, Dubois, Fayette, Floyd, Fountain, Franklin, Fulton, Greene, Hancock, Harrison, Hendricks, Howard, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Jennings, Knox, Kosciusko, Lagrange, Lake, La Porte, Lawrence, Marion, Marshall, Martin, Miami, Monroe, Newton, Noble, Ohio, Orange, Owen, Parke, Pike, Porter, Posey, Rush, St. Joseph, Shelby, Starke, Steuben, Sullivan, Tippecanoe, Union, Vanderburgh, Warren, Warrick, White, Whitley

Townships and Cities: Anderson, Bloomington, Brazil, Columbia City, Columbus, Crawfordsville, Crown Point, East Chicago, Elkhart, Elwood, Evansville, Fort Wayne, Frankfort, Gary, Goshen, Hammond, Huntington, Indianapolis, Jeffersonville, Kokomo, Lafayette, La Porte, Logansport, Marion, Michigan City, Mishawaka, Muncie, New Albany, New Castle, Peru, Rensselaer, Richmond, Salem, Shelbyville, South Bend, Sullivan, Tell City, Terre Haute, Valparaiso, Vincennes, Wabash, Whiting


Counties: Adair, Adams, Allamakee, Appanoose, Audubon, Benton, Black Hawk, Boone, Bremer, Buchanan, Buena Vista, Butler, Calhoun, Carroll, Cass, Cedar, Cerro Gordo, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Clarke, Clay, Clayton, Clinton, Dallas, Davis, Decatur, Delaware, Des Moines, Dickinson, Emmet, Fayette, Floyd, Franklin, Greene, Grundy, Guthrie, Hamilton, Hancock, Hardin, Harrison, Henry, Howard, Iowa, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Johnson, Jones, Keokuk, Kossuth, Lee, Linn, Louisa, Lucas, Lyon, Madison, Mahaska, Marion, Marshall, Mitchell, Monona, Monroe, Montgomery, Muscatine, O'Brien, Osceola, Page, Palo Alto, Pocahontas, Polk, Poweshiek, Ringgold, Sac, Scott, Shelby, Sioux, Tama, Taylor, Union, Van Buren, Wapello, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Webster, Winnebago, Winneshiek, Woodbury, Worth, Wright

Townships and Cities: Boone, Burlington, Cedar Rapids, Cherokee, Clinton, Council Bluffs, Davenport, Des Moines, Dubuque, Fort Dodge, Fort Madison, Harlan, Iowa City, Keokuk, Marshalltown, Mason City, Missouri Valley, Muscatine, Ottumwa, Sioux Center, Sioux City, Waterloo, Webster City


Counties: Bourbon, Brown, Butler, Chautauqua, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Clark, Clay, Cloud, Cowley, Decatur, Dickinson, Doniphan, Edwards, Ellsworth, Finney, Ford, Franklin, Gove, Gray, Greenwood, Hamilton, Harper, Harvey, Haskell, Hodgeman, Jackson, Jefferson, Jewell, Johnson, Kearny, Kingman, Labette, Lane, Logan, Lyon, Marion, Marshall, Meade, Mitchell, Montgomery, Nemaha, Neosho, Osage, Osborne, Ottawa, Pawnee, Phillips, Pottawatomie, Pratt, Rawlins, Reno, Republic, Rice, Roosk, Rush, Russell, Saline, Scott, Sedgwick, Seward, Shawnee, Sheridan, Sherman, Smith, Stafford, Stanton, Stevens, Sumner, Thomas, Tooawa, Trego, Wabaunsee, Washington, Wichita, Wilson, Woodson, Wyandotte

Townships and Cities: Atchinson, Chanute, Coffeyville, Emporia, Fort Scott, Hutchinson, Independence, Iola, Kansas City, Lawrence, Leavenworth, Newton, Ottawa, Parsons, Pittsburg, Salina, Topeka, Wichita


Counties: Adair, Allen, Anderson, Ballard, Barren, Bath, Bell, Boone, Bourbon, Boyd, Boyle, Bracken, Breathitt, Breckinridge, Bullitt, Butler, Caldwell, Calloway, Carlisle, Casey, Christian, Clark, Clinton, Crittenden, Daviess, Edmonson, Elliott, Fayette, Franklin, Gallatin, Grant, Graves, Grayson, Green, Greenup, Hancock, Hardin, Harrison, Hart, Henderson, Hickman, Hopkins, Jefferson, Johnson, Kenton, Knott, Knox, Larue, Leslie, Lewis, Lincoln, Livingston, Logan, Lyon, McCracken, McCreary, McLean, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Martin, Mason, Meade, Menifee, Mercer, Metcalfe, Montgomery, Muhlenberg, Nelson, Nicholas, Ohio, Owen, Pendleton, Robertson, Rowan, Russell, Scott, Shelby, Simpson, Spencer, Taylor, Todd, Trigg, Trimble, Union, Warren, Wayne, Webster, Wolfe

Townships and Cities: Ashland, Bowling Green, Covington, Henderson, Lexington, Louisville, Ludlow, Mayfield, Newport, Owensboro, Paducah, Providence


Parishes: Acadia, Allen, Avoyelles, Beauregard, Bienville, Bossier, Caddo, Calcasieu, Caldwell, Cameron, East Baton Rouge, Evangeline, Jackson, Jefferson Davis, Lafayette, LaSalle, Lincoln, Livingston, Ouachita, Red River, Sabine, St. John the Baptist, St. Landry, St. Mary, St. Tammany, Terrebonne, Union, Vernon, Washington, West Baton Rouge, West Carroll, West Feliciana, Winn

Townships and Cities: Alexandria, Baton Rouge, Lake Charles, Monroe, Natchitoches, New Orleans, Shreveport



Counties: Kennebec, Lincoln, Sagadahoc, Washington

Townships and Cities: Auburn, Augusta, Bangor, Bath, Biddeford, Calais, Lewiston, Portland, Rockland, Sanford Town, Waterville, Westbrook


Counties: Calvert, Caroline, Cecil, Charles, Garrett, Harford, Kent, Queen Annes, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, Worcester

Townships and Cities: Annapolis, Baltimore (independent city), Cumberland, Frederick, Hagerstown, Mount Rainier


County: Dukes

Townships and Cities: Adams Town, Arlington Town, Athol, Attleboro, Belmont Town, Beverly, Boston, Brockton, Brookline Town, Cambridge, Chelsea, Chicopee, Clinton, Danvers Town, Dedham Town, Dighton Town, Easthampton Town, Everett, Fall River, Fitchburg, Florence, Framingham Town, Gardner, Gloucester, Grafton Town, Greenfield Town, Haverhill, Hingham Town, Holyoke, Lawrence, Leominster, Lexington Town, Lowell, Lynn, Malden, Marlborough, Maynard Town, Medford, Melrose, Middleborough Town, Milford Town, Nantucket, New Bedford, Newburyport, Newton, North Adams, North Attleborough, Northampton, Norwood Town, Orange Town, Peabody, Pittsfield, Plymouth, Quincy, Revere, Salem, Somerville, Southbridge Town, Springfield, Taunton, Wakefield Town, Waltham, Watertown Town, Webster, Westfield, Weymounth Town, Winchester Town, Winthrop Town, Woburn, Worcester


Counties: Alcona, Allegan, Alpena, Antrim, Arenac, Barry, Benzie, Berrien, Cass, Cheboygan, Chippewa, Clare, Crawford, Delta, Dickinson, Eaton, Genesee, Gladwin, Grand Traverse, Hancock, Huron, Ingham, Iosco, Iron, Kalkaska, Kent, Lake, Laurium, Leelanau, Luce, Mackinac, Marquette, Mason, Mecosta, Midland, Missaukee, Montcalm, Ontonagon, Ottawa, Roscommon, Saginaw, St. Clair, Sanilac, Shiawassee

Townships and Cities: Adrian, Alpena, Ann Arbor, Battle Creek, Bay City, Benton Harbor, Cadillac, Detroit, Escanaba, Flint, Grand Rapids, Hamtramck, Hancock, Highland Park, Holland, Iron Mountain, Ironwood, Ishpeming, Jackson, Kalamazoo, Laurium, Ludington, Manistee, Marquette, Menominee, Mount Clemens, Muskegon, Nagaunee, Newberry, Owosso, Petoskey, Pontiac, Port Huron, Saginaw, Sault Ste. Marie, Traverse City


Counties: Anoka, Becker, Beltrami, Benton, Big Stone, Blue Earth, Carlton, Carver, Cass, Chisago, Clay, Cottonwood, Crow Wing, Dakota, Dodge, Douglas, Faribault, Fillmore, Freeborn, Goodhue, Grant, Hennepin, Houston, Hubbard, Isanti, Jackson, Kanabec, Kandiyohi, Kittson, Koochiching, Lac qui Parle, Lake, Le Sueur, Lincoln, Mahnomen, Marshall, Martin, McLeod, Meeker, Mille Lacs, Morrison, Nicollet, Nobles, Norman, Olmsted, Otter Trail, Pennington, Pine, Pipestone, Polk, Pope, Ramsey, Red Lake, Redwood, Renville, Rice, Rock, Roseau, St. Louis, Sherburne, Sibley, Stearns, Steele, Stevens, Swift, Todd, Traverse, Wabasha, Wadena, Waseca, Washington, Watonwan, Wilkin, Winona

Townships and Cities: Austin, Bemidji, Brainerd, Cloquet, Duluth, Eveleth, Faribault, Hibbing, Mankato, Minneapolis, Northfield, Red Wing, Rochester, St. Cloud, St. Paul, St. Peter, Stillwater, Two Harbors, Virginia, Winona


Counties: Alcorn, Amite, Bolivar, Carroll, Chickasaw, Clarke, Clay, Covington, Forrest, Franklin, George, Grenada, Harrison, Itawamba, Jackson, Jefferson Davis, Jones, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Leflore, Lowndes, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Montgomery, Neshoba, Newton, Noxubee, Oktibbeha, Panola, Pearl River, Perry, Pike, Pontotoc, Prentiss, Sharkey, Sunflower, Tallahatchie, Tippah, Union, Walthall, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Webster, Winston, Yalobusha, Yazoo

Townships and Cities: Aberdeen, Amory, Biloxi, Columbia, Columbus, Hattiesburg, Jackson, Laurel, Meridian, Moss Point, Natchez, Vicksburg


Counties: Andrew, Atchison, Barry, Barton, Bates, Bollinger, Boone, Buchanan, Butler, Caldwell, Callaway, Camden, Carroll, Cass, Cedar, Chariton, Christian, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Cole, Crawford, Daviess, De Kalb, Franklin, Gasconade, Greene, Grundy, Harrison, Henry, Holt, Howard, Howell, Jackson, Jefferson, Johnson, Laclede, Lafayette, Lewis, Linn, Livingston, Macon, Maries, Marion, Miller, Montieau, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, New Madrid, Newton, Nodaway, Oregon, Osage, Pemiscot, Pettis, Phelps, Polk, Putnam, Ralls, Ray, Reynolds, Ripley, St. Charles, St. Louis (independent city), St. Louis (county), Ste. Genevieve, Saline, Schuyler, Scotland, Scott, Shelby, Stone, Sullivan, Taney, Texas, Vernon, Warren, Wayne, Worth

Townships and Cities: Aurora, Buckner, Cape Girardeau, Carrollton, Carthage, Chillicothe, Clinton, Columbia, Grain Valley, Hannibal, Jefferson City, Joplin, Kansas City, Moberly, Oak Grove, Springfield, St. Charles, St. Joseph, Sedalia, Slater, Trenton, University City, Webb City


Counties: Beaverhead, Big Horn, Blaine, Broadwater, Carbon, Carter, Cascade, Chouteau, Custer, Dawson, Deer Lodge, Fallon, Fergus, Flathead, Gallatin, Garfield, Glacier, Granite, Jefferson, Lewis and Clark, Lincoln, Madison, McCone, Meagher, Mineral, Missoula, Musselshell, Park, Phillips, Pondera, Powder River, Prairie, Ravalli, Richland, Roosevelt, Rosebud, Sanders, Sheridan, Stillwater, Sweet Grass, Teton, Toole, Treasure, Valley, Wheatland, Wibaux, Yellowstone

Townships and Cities: Anaconda, Bozeman, Billings, Butte, Great Falls, Helena, Kalispell, Livingston, Missoula, Red Lodge, Roundup


Counties: Adams, Antelope, Arthur, Blaine, Boone, Box Butte, Brown, Buffalo, Burt, Cass, Chase, Clay, Cuming, Custer, Dakota, Dawes, Deuel, Dixon, Douglas, Fillmore, Franklin, Furnas, Garfield, Grant, Hall, Harlan, Hayes, Holt, Hooker, Jefferson, Johnson, Kearney, Keith, Keya Paha, Kimball, Knox, Lancaster, Logan, Loup, McPherson, Nance, Otoe, Perkins, Phelps, Platte, Polk, Red Willow, Richardson, Rock, Sarpy, Saunders, Scotts Bluff, Seward, Sheridan, Sioux, Stanton, Thayer, Thomas, Valley, Wayne, Webster, York

Townships and Cities: Beatrice, Fremont, Grand Island, Hastings, Kearney, Lincoln, Nebraska City, Omaha



Counties: Churchill, Clark, Humboldt, Lander, Pershing, Storey, Washoe, White Pine

Townships and Cities: Reno

New Hampshire

Counties: none

Townships and Cities: Berlin, Concord, Keene, Laconia, Nashua, Portsmouth

New Jersey

Counties: Bergen, Essex, Union

Townships and Cities: Asbury Park, Atlantic City, Bayonne, Bloomfield, Bridgeton, Burlington, Camden, Clifton, Collingswood, Dover, East Orange, Elizabeth, Englewood, Garfield, Glen Ridge, Glouster City, Hackensack, Harrison, Hoboken, Irvington, Jersey City, Kearny, Long Branch, Millville, Montclair, Morristown, New Brunswick, Newark, Orange, Passaic, Paterson, Perth Amboy, Phillipsburg, Plainfield, Rahway, South Orange, Trenton, Union City, West Hoboken, West New York, West Orange

New Mexico

Counties: Bernalillo, Chaves, Colfax, Curry, De Baca, Do¤a Ana, Grant, Hidalgo, Lea, Lincoln, Luna, Mora, Otero, Rio Arriba, San Juan, Sandoval, Sierra, Socorro, Taos, Union, Valencia

Townships and Cities: Albuquerque

New York

Counties: Alleghany, Bronx (borough and county coextensive), Genesee, Greene, Kings (borough of Brooklyn and county of Kings coextensive), Monroe, Nassau, New York (borough of Manhattan and county of New York coextensive), Onondaga, Queens (borough and county coextensive), Richmond (borough and county coextensive), Schoharie, Wayne, Yates

Townships and Cities: Albany, Amsterdam, Auburn, Batavia, Binghamton, Bronx (borough and county coextensive), Brooklyn (borough of Brooklyn and county of Kings coextensive), Buffalo, Cohoes, Corning, Cortland, Dunkirk, Elmira Heights, Fulton, Geneva, Glens Falls, Gloversville, Hornell, Hudson, Ithaca, Jamestown, Johnstown, Kingston, Lackawanna, Little Falls, Lockport, Manhattan (borough of Manhattan and county of New York coextensive), Middletown, Mount Vernon, New Rochelle, Newburgh, Niagara Falls, North Tonawanda, Ogdensburg, Olean, Oneida, Oneonta, Ossining Town, Oswego, Port Chester, Poughkeepsie, Queens (borough and county coextensive), Rensselaer, Richmond (borough and county coextensive), Rochester, Rome, Salamanca, Schenectady, Solvay, Syracuse, Tonawanda, Troy, Utica, Watertown, Watervliet, White Plains, Yonkers

North Carolina

Counties: Anson, Avery, Caswell, Columbus, Dare, Durham, Forsyth, Granville, Greene, Halifax, Harnett, Haywood, Jackson, Mitchell, Montgomery, Orange, Randolph, Rockingham, Stokes, Surry, Wake, Wilkes, Yadkin

Townships and Cities: Ashville, Burlington, Charlotte, Concord, Durham, Elizabeth City, Greensboro, High Point, Kinston, Raleigh, Rocky Mount, Wilmington, Winston-Salem

North Dakota

Counties: Adams, Barnes, Benson, Billings, Bottineau, Bowman, Burke, Cass, Cavalier, Dickey, Divide, Dunn, Eddy, Emmons, Foster, Golden Valley, Grand Forks, Grant, Hettinger, La Moure, Logan, McHenry, McIntosh, McLean, Mercer, Morton, Mountrail, Nelson, Oliver, Pembina, Pierce, Ramsey, Ransom, Renville, Richland, Rolette, Sheridan, Sioux, Slope, Stark, Steele, Stutsman, Towner, Traill, Ward, Wells, Williams

Townships and Cities: Fargo, Grand Forks


Counties: Ashtabula, Athens, Auglaize, Belmont, Butler, Champaign, Clinton, Columbiana, Coshocton, Crawford, Defiance, Delaware, Erie, Fairfield, Franklin, Geauga, Greene, Guernsey, Hamilton, Hancock, Hardin, Henry, Highland, Holmes, Huron, Jackson, Jefferson, Knox, Lake, Licking, Logan, Lorain, Lucas, Marion, Medina, Meigs, Miami, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Noble, Paulding, Pickaway, Pike, Preble, Richland, Sandusky, Seneca, Stark, Summit, Union, Van Wert, Wayne, Williams, Wood, Wyandot

Townships and Cities: Akton, Alliance, Ashtabula, Barberton, Bellaire, Bellefontaine, Bucyrus, Cambridge, Chillicothe, Canton, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, Conneaut, Coshocton, Cuyahoga Falls, Dayton, Deleware, East Cleveland, East Liverpool, Elyria, Findlay, Fostoria (Hancock and Seneca Counties:), Fremont, Hamilton, Ionton, Lakewood, Lancaster, Lima, Lorain, Mansfield, Marietta, Marion, Massillon, Miami Township, Middletown, Mount Vernon, Newark, Niles, Norwood, Piqua, Sandusky, Shelby, Springfield, Steubenville, Struthers, Tiffin, Toledo, Troy, Van Wert, Warren, Xenia, Youngstown, Zanesville


Counties: Adair, Alfalfa, Atoka, Beaver, Blaine, Bryan, Canadian, Carter, Cimarron, Cotton, Creek, Delaware, Garvin, Grady, Grant, Harper, Haskell, Johnston, Kay, Kingfisher, Kiowa, Lincoln, Love, Major, Marshall, Mayes, McCurtain, McIntosh, Murray, Muskogee, Noble, Okfuskee, Okmulgee, Osage, Ottawa, Pittsburg, Pontotoc, Pottawatomie, Pushmataha, Sequoyah, Texas, Tillman, Tulsa, Wagoner, Washita, Woods, Woodward

Townships and Cities: Ardmore, Chickasha, Enid, Guthrie, McAlester, Muskogee, Oklahoma City, Okmulgee, Sapula, Shawnee, Tulsa, Waurika


Counties: Baker, Benton, Clackamas, Clatsop, Columbia, Coos, Crook, Deschutes, Douglas, Gilliam, Grant, Hood River, Jackson, Jefferson, Klamath, Lake, Lane, Linn, Malheur, Marion, Morrow, Multnomah, Polk, Sherman, Umatilla, Wasco, Washington

Townships and Cities: Astoria, Corvallis, Eugene, Friend, Medford, Oregon City, Portland, Salem


Counties: Beaver, Blair, Bradford, Cambria, Carbon, Clarion, Cumberland, Dauphin, Monroe, Philadelphia (city and county coextensive), Washington

Townships and Cities: Allentown, Altoona, Ambler, Ashland, Bethlehem, Braddock, Bradford, Bristol, Butler, Carbondale, Carlisle, Chambersburg, Charleroi, Chester, Coatsville, Columbia, Connellsville, Donora, Duquesne, Duryea, East Lansdowne, Easton, Erie, Etna, Farrell, Franklin, Greensburg, Harrisburg, Hazelton, Homestead, Jeannette, Johnstown, Lancaster, Lansford, Latrobe, Lebanon, Mahanoy City, Meadville, McKees Rocks, McKeesport, Monessen, Munhall, Nanticoke, New Castle, Norristown, North Braddock, Northampton, Oil City, Philadelphia (city and county coextensive), Phoenixville, Pottstown, Pottsville, Pittsburgh, Rankin, Reading, Scottdale, Scranton, Shamokin, Sharon, Sharpsburg, Shenandoah, Steelton, Sunbury, Tamaqua, Taylor, Titusville, Uniontown, Warren, West Chester, West Homestaed, West Hazelton, Wilkes-Barre, Wilkinsburg, Williamsport, Windber, York

Rhode Island

Counties: Newport

Townships and Cities: Central Falls, Cranston, Newport, Pawtucket, Providence, Warwick Town, West Warwick Town, Westerly, Woonsocket

South Carolina

Counties: Allendale, McCormick, Richland, Spartanburg, Williamsburg

Townships and Cities: Charleston, Columbia, Greenville, Orangeburg, Spartanburg, Sumter

South Dakota

Counties: Aurora, Beadle, Bon Homme, Brookings, Brown, Brule, Buffalo, Butte, Campbell, Charles Mix, Clark, Clay, Codington, Corson, Custer, Davison, Day, Deuel, Dewey, Douglas, Edmunds, Fall River, Faulk, Gregory, Haakon, Hamlin, Hand, Hanson, Harding, Hughes, Jackson, Jerauld, Jones, Kingsbury, Lawrence, Lincoln, Lyman, Marshall, McCook, McPherson, Meade, Miner, Minnehaha, Moody, Pennington, Perkins, Potter, Roberts, Sanborn, Stanley, Sully, Tripp, Turner, Union, Yankton, Ziebach

Township and Cities: Aberdeen, Lead, Madison, Mitchell, Sioux Falls



Counties: Anderson, Bedford, Bledsoe, Blount, Bradley, Cheatham, Claiborne, Clay, Cumberland, Davidson, Decatur, Dickson, Dyer, Fayette, Franklin, Gibson, Greene, Grundy, Hamblen, Hamilton, Hancock, Hardeman, Hardin, Hawkins, Haywood, Henderson, Henry, Hickman, Humphreys, Jackson, Johnson, Lincoln, Loudon, Macon, Madison, Marion, Maury, McMinn, McNairy, Meigs, Monroe, Moore, Obion, Overton, Pickett, Robertson, Scott, Sevier, Shelby, Stewart, Sullivan, Unicoi, Union, Van Buren, Warren, White, Williamson, Wilson

Townships and Cities: Bristol, Chattanooga, Clarksville, Jackson, Knoxville, Memphis, Nashville


Counties: Arkansas, Armstrong, Austin, Baylor, Bee, Bexar, Blanco, Borden, Bosque, Bowie, Brazoria, Brown, Burleson, Burnet, Caldwell, Calhoun, Callahan, Camp, Carson, Cass, Castro, Chambers, Cherokee, Childress, Clay, Coleman, Collingsworth, Concho, Coryell, Cottle, Dawson, Deaf Smith, Dickens, Donley, Eastland, Ector, Ellis, Falls, Fayette, Fisher, Foard, Fort Bend, Garza, Gillespie, Glasscock, Gonzales, Gray, Gregg, Grimes, Hamilton, Hardeman, Hardin, Harris, Harrison, Hartley, Haskell, Hays, Hemphill, Hill, Hood, Hopkins, Howard, Hudspeth, Hunt, Hutchinson, Jack, Jackson, Jeff Davis, Jefferson, Jim Wells, Johnson, Jones, Karnes, Kaufman, Kenedy, Kent, Kerr, Kimble, King, Knox, Lamar, Lamb, Lampasas, Lavaca, Lee, Limestone, Lipscomb, Live Oak, Lynn, Madison, Marion, Martin, Mason, Matagorda, Maverick, McCulloch, Medina, Menard, Midland, Milam, Montgomery, Moore, Morris, Navarro, Nolan, Nueces, Ochiltree, Orange, Palo Pinto, Panola, Parker, Parmer, Polk, Potter, Presidio, Rains, Randall, Refugio, Roberts, Robertson, Rockwall, Runnels, Sabine, San Patricio, San Saba, Scurry, Shelby, Sherman, Smith, Somervell, Stephens, Sterling, Stonewall, Sutton, Swisher, Terry, Throckmorton, Titus, Tom Green, Trinity, Tyler, Upshur, Upton, Uvalde, Val Verde, Van Zandt, Waller, Ward, Washington, Wheeler, Wichita, Wilbarger, Wilson, Wise, Wood, Yoakum, Young, Zapata, Zavala

Townships and Cities: Amarillo, Austin, Beaumont, Brownsville, Bryan, Corpus Christi, Dallas, Denison, Eagle Pass, El Paso, Fort Worth, Galveston, Greenville, Hereford, Houston, Loredo, Orange, Paris, San Angelo, San Antonio, San Marcos, Sherman, Waco, Wichita Falls


Counties: Box Elder, Carbon, Davis, Emery, Garfield, Iron, Kane, Morgan, Rich, Salt Lake, Sanpete, Sevier, Summit, Wayne, Weber

Townships and Cities: Logan, Murray, Salt Lake City, Provo, Ogden


Counties: none

Townships and Cities: Barre, Bennington, Burlington, Rutland, St. Johnsbury


Counties: Accomack, Albemarle, Alleghany, Amelia, Amherst, Appomattox, Augusta, Bath, Bedford, Bland, Botetourt, Buchanan, Buckingham, Campbell, Caroline, Carroll, Charles City, Charlotte, Chesterfield, Clarke, Craig, Culpeper, Cumberland, Dickenson, Dinwiddie, Fairfax, Fauquier, Floyd, Fluvanna, Frederick, Giles, Gloucester, Grayson, Greene, Greensville, Halifax, Hanover, Henry, Highland, Isle of Wight, James City, King and Queen, King William, Lancaster, Lee, Loudoun, Louisa, Lunenburg, Madison, Mathews, Mecklenburg, Middlesex, Montgomery, Nansemond, Nelson, New Kent, Norfolk, Northampton, Northumberland, Nottoway, Orange, Patrick, Pittsylvania, Powhatan, Prince Edward, Prince William, Princess Anne, Pulaski, Rockbridge, Rockingham, Scott, Shenandoah, Smyth, Southampton, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Sussex, Tazewell, Warren, Warwick, Washington, Westmoreland, Wise, Wythe, York

Independent Cities: Alexandria, Bristol, Charlottesville, Danville, Fredericksburg, Hampton, Harrisonburg, Hopewell, Lynchburg, Newport News, Petersburg, Portsmouth, Richmond, Roanoke, Suffolk, Winchester


Counties: Adams, Asotin, Benton, Chelan, Clallam, Clark, Cowlitz, Douglas, Ferry, Franklin, Garfield, Grays Harbor, King, Kitsap, Kittitas, Lewis, Lincoln, Mason, Okanogan, Pacific, Pend Oreille, Pierce, San Juan, Skagit, Skamania, Snohomish, Spokane, Stevens, Thurston, Wahkiakum, Whatcom, Whitman, Yakima

Townships and Cities: Aberdeen, Bellingham, Centralia, Chehalis, Everett, Hoquiam, Mount Vernon, Olympia, Seattle, Spokane, Tacoma, Vancouver, Walla Walla, Yakima

West Virginia

Counties: Berkeley, Brooke, Gilmer, Marshall, Monogalia, Morgan, Pleasants, Wetzel

Townships and Cities: Bluefield, Charleston, Clarksburg, Fairmont, Moundsville, Parkersburg, Wheeling



Counties: Adams, Ashland, Barron, Bayfield, Buffalo, Burnett, Chippewa, Clark, Columbia, Crawford, Dane, Dodge, Door, Douglas, Dunn, Eau Claire, Florence, Fond du Lac, Forest, Grant, Green, Green Lake, Iowa, Iron, Jackson, Jefferson, Juneau, Kewaunee, La Crosse, Lafayette, Langlade, Lincoln, Manitowoc, Marathon, Marquette, Marinette, Monroe, Oconto, Oneida, Outagamie, Ozaukee, Pepin, Pierce, Polk, Portage, Price, Racine, Richland, Rock, Rusk, St. Croix, Sauk, Sawyer, Shawano, Sheboygan, Taylor, Trempealeau, Vernon, Vilas, Walworth, Washburn, Washington, Waukesha, Waupaca, Waushara, Winnebago, Wood

Townships and Cities: Appleton, Beloit, Chippewa Falls, Eau Claire, Fond du Lac, Green Bay, Janesville, Kenosha, La Crosse, Madison, Manitowoc, Marinette, Menesha, Merrill, Milwaukee, Neenah, Oshkosh, Racine, Sheboygan, Stevens Point, Superior, Watertown, Waukesha, Wausau


Counties: Albany, Big Horn, Campbell, Carbon, Crook, Laramie, Lincoln, Natrona, Niobrara, Park, Platte, Sheridan, Uinta, Washakie

Townships and Cities: Cheyenne

American Samoa




Panama Canal Zone


Puerto Rico


Virgin Islands



Microfilm Availability and Access

Microfilmed copies of census records are available at the National Archives Building in Washington, DC, at NARA's 13 regional archives, through the National Archives Microfilm Rental Program, and at many large libraries and genealogical societies that have purchased all or some of the microfilm, and through purchase.

National Archives Microfilm Rental Program

The National Archives Microfilm Rental Program rents microfilm of federal population schedules from 1790 through 1930 and Soundexes from 1880 through 1930. The program also rents microfilm of American Revolutionary War military service records and indexes, pension files, and bounty land warrant files. For a free brochure that describes the program, write or call National Archives Microfilm Rental Program, P.O. Box 30, Annapolis Junction, MD 20701-0030, 301-604-3699.

Ordering Paper Copies by Mail

The National Archives in Washington, DC, can provide paper copies of specifically identified pages of federal population census schedules through the mail. You can order online or use NATF Form 82 (rev. 1990) and provide the following information: the name of the individual, the page number, census year, state, and county. For the 1880 through 1930 censuses, the enumeration district is also necessary.

Frequently it is possible to use a census index to locate this information. Many private firms have produced statewide indexes to census records for specific years. These generally are available throughout the country in National Archives regional archives and in libraries that have genealogical collections.

Buying the Microfilm

Microfilm copies of census records are also available for purchase. The schedules are on 35mm microfilm; the Soundex is on 16mm. An entire county or enumeration district may be on one or more rolls of microfilm.

All microfilm publications of National Archives records are for sale. You can buy either individual rolls or a complete set (all rolls).


FREE Publication FREE publications:
National Archives and Records Administration
Archives I Research Support Branch
700 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20408-0001

866-272-6272 (toll-free)
or 202-357-5332

publication number; if you are not buying a complete set, also state the specific roll numbers.

Check your order immediately upon receipt for errors, completeness, or damage in shipping. You must notify the Publications Distribution of any problems within 60 days. Do not return microfilm orders without written permission from the Publications Distribution.

If you need more information on how to order, details of specific shipping charges, or help identifying which rolls of a publication you wish to purchase, please contact:

Publications Distribution (NECD)
National Archives, Room G9
Seventh and Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20408

Include in your inquiry the census year, the state, and the county or enumeration district.

Copies of National Archives microfilm publications may also be purchased from Scholarly Resources, Inc., 104 Greenhill Avenue, Wilmington, DE 19805 (telephone 302-654-7713/fax 302- 654-3871). Copies available for sale from other sources have not been authorized or duplicated by the National Archives and may be one or more generations removed from the master materials--adversely affecting the quality and legibility of each image.


Regional Archives System

For current information about hours of operation, please call the appropriate regional records services facility.

National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC

The National Archives at Boston
Areas Served: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont

The National Archives at New York City
Area Served: New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands

The National Archives at Philadelphia
Area Served: Delaware, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia

The National Archives at Atlanta
Area Served: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee

National Archives at Chicago
Area Served: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin

National Archives at Kansas City
Area Served: Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska

The National Archives at Fort Worth
Area Served: Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas

National Archives at Denver
Area Served: Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming

The National Archives at Riverside
Area Served: Arizona; southern California counties of Imperial, Inyo, Kern, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, and Ventura; and Clark County, Nevada

The National Archives at San Francisco
Area Served: North California, Hawaii, Nevada (except Clark County), American Samoa, and the Pacific Ocean area

The National Archives at Seattle
Area Served: Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington


National Archives Trust Fund Board
Washington, DC
Revised 1996