The American Landscape
Many federal agencies in the course of carrying out their missions were or are to some extent involved in the management of the natural resources of the nation. Examples of such interests are photographs of river and harbor improvement projects undertaken by the Corps of Engineers; images of western lands taken by Timothy O'Sullivan, William Henry Jackson, John K. Hillers, and others during 19th-century topographical and geological surveys; and photographs, including over 200 by Ansel Adams, of National Park Service areas.
The files of the Department of Agriculture and its bureaus contain pictures of farming and ranching activities and conservation and reclamation projects. Images relating to forest management are in Forest Service records and pictures of mining operations are among the records of the Bureau of Mines and its related offices. Fish and Wildlife Service pictures record a variety of subjects. Among them are images of marine life, birds, mammals and other animals, and plants. Also included are topographical studies of areas in the United States and in several foreign countries.
The government's concerns about environmental conditions are documented in the records of the Environmental Protection Agency, which contain images showing the effects of noise, air, and water pollution and pollution control measures. Many of the pictures were taken for DOCUMERICA, a program sponsored by the agency in the 1970s to produce photographic documentation of environmental subjects throughout the United States.
Some series including images that highlight the American rural and urban landscapes over time are highlighted below:
Hayden Survey, William H. Jackson Photographs
57-HS: Photographs taken by William H. Jackson, photographer accompanying the U.S. Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories directed by Ferdinand V. Hayden. HS- A collection of photographs reflecting the survey's activities in Nebraska, Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, Idaho, and Montana.
Photographic Albums of the Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel - The King Survey
Historical Photograph Files
30-N: This series consists of photographs that document the role of the Bureau of Public Roads (BPR) in federally supported highway construction projects, planning, road material and construction research, and highway safety and maintenance. Subjects in this series include vehicles, traffic, highway structures, and images of maps. In addition, there are various views of building structures connected with road transportation such as tourist cabins and motels, car washes, shopping centers, bus terminals, and parking garages.
Ansel Adams Photographs of National Parks and Monuments
77-AA: The photographs in this series were taken by Ansel Adams for a Department of the Interior mural project, the theme of which was nature as exemplified and protected in the National Parks.
DOCUMERICA: The Environmental Protection Agency's Program to Photographically Document Subjects of Environmental Concern
412-DA: Documerica was a program sponsored by the Environmental Protection Agency to photographically document subjects of environmental concern in America during the 1970s. The images were made by approximately 70 well-known photographers contracted by the EPA for this project.
Photographs Accompanying Reports to the Secretary of the Interior
48-RS: The photographs were intended for publication in the annual reports made to the Secretary of the Interior by the governors of the territories, superintendents of parks, and heads of various institutions, offices, and bureaus.
Photographs of American Military Activities
“Airscapes” of American and Foreign Areas
18- AA: This series consists of aerial oblique, perpendicular, and some ground level photographs made or collected by the Aeronautical Division of the Signal Corps, the Air Service, the Air Corps, the Army Air Forces, and/or the USAF, showing prominent geographic and terrain features, cities, buildings, national shrines, historic areas, parades, earthquakes and flood disaster areas, airfields, and ports in the U.S. and abroad. The series has been fully digitized and is available in the National Archives Catalog
26-LG: Lighthouses, aids to navigation and miscellany created for and or by the Lighthouse Service and its predecessor agencies. Photographs show views of the structures, surrounding areas, shorelines, and depict the living conditions of keepers, their families and of maintenance personnel. There are views showing construction of the buildings and installation of lights. The series has been fully digitized and is available in the National Archives Catalog.
To Request Information about Records
For further information about the photographs and graphic works held in the Still Picture unit at College Park, contact:
Mail: Still Picture Reference
Special Media Archives Services Division
National Archives at College Park
8601 Adelphi Road
College Park, Maryland 20740-6001
If you’d like to use an image from the Still Picture Branch holdings, please see our Copyright and Permissions page.