Native American Heritage Month
We celebrate Native American Heritage Month in November to recognize the achievements and contributions of Native Americans. In 1990 President George H. W. Bush approved a joint resolution designating November 1990 “National American Indian Heritage Month.” Similar proclamations, under variants on the name (including “Native American Heritage Month” and “National American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month”) have been issued each year since 1994.
In honor of National American Indian Heritage Month and Veterans Day, the National Archives Museum exhibits a collection of World War I records to highlight one of the unique ways that Native American soldiers used their language and cultural heritage to serve the country. (Through December 4, 2019)
The National Archives holds hundreds of thousands of related records created or received by the U.S. Government relating to Native Americans. Visit the research portal for American Indian records and view view related records in the National Archives Catalog.
Our Native Communities program is an educational resource providing step-by-step instructions for locating important Native American records. We offer hands-on practice, and special Citizen Archivist Missions to make records easily accessible.
“Be it Remembered: Treaties with Native Nations,” is an exhibit at the National Archives at New York City, in the lower level of the historic Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House at One Bowling Green in lower Manhattan.
“New Indian,”1977 - A Native American woman speaks about the American Indian Movement at the Ecumenical Conference of the North Central States.
Killers of the Flower Moon: The Osage Murders and the Birth of the FBI. David Grann discussed his book at an author lecture at the National Archives. (See the accompanying interview with the Archivist of the United States in the Pieces of History blog.)
Video highlights from the Nixon Library’s April 2015 conference
National Archives News
AOTUS Blog: Ratified Indian Treaties - Making Access Happen
Education Updates: Native Warriors on Both Sides of the Battle of Little Bighorn
Pieces of History: Middle Oregon Treaty of 1855
Pieces of History: The Power of American Indian Boarding School Records
Pieces of History: “Observations” of Native American Records at the National Archives
Pieces of History: Quiet Revelations at Navajo Nation
Pieces of History: Researching the Osage Murders - interview with Archivist Ferriero
Pieces of History: Nation to Nation: Treaties at the National Museum of the American Indian
Pieces of History: The Navajo Treaty Travels to the Navajo Nation
Pieces of History: On Exhibit: the Indian Removal Act
Pieces of History: Indian Treaties at the Museum of the American Indian
Pieces of History: The Navajo Treaty of 1868: A Personal Story
Pieces of History: Treaties at the National Museum of the American Indian
Pieces of History: Minnie Spotted Wolf and the Marine Corps
Pieces of History: “Indian New Deal”
History Hub: Digitized Native American Reservation Records: Text
The Text Message: John Werito Goes to War; A Story of a WWII Diné [Navajo] Code Talker
The Text Message: We Hold the Rock!
Related article by Truman Library Supervisory Archivist Sam Rushay: The complex tale of Truman and Native Americans
Self-Determination and Tribal Sovereignty: The Lasting Impact of the Nixon Administration — an April 2015 academic conference at the Nixon Library
Conference video highlights:
- American Indian Activism, Tribal Sovereignty, and Nation Building: A Conversation with Tribal Leaders
- American Indian Policy of the Nixon Administration
- U.S. American Indian Policy in Early 20th Century
Native Communities programs by geographic region
Native Communities Research Guides by geographic region
NARA Research Links and Featured Documents
Features and Engagement
Online Interactive Exhibit: Record of Rights, Rights of Native American Indians
National Museum of the American Indian’s “Nation to Nation” exhibition Treaties Between the United States and American Indian Nations. September 21, 2014– 2021, all treaties on loan from the National Archives.
Treaty between the Ottawa, Chippewa, Wyandot, and Potawatomi Indians. View in National Archives Catalog.
Archivist of the United States David S. Ferriero and Potawatomi Nation Tribal Councilman Alex Warsaw look at Indian Treaties in the conservation lab of the National Archives Building in Washington, DC. Image by Jennifer Miller for NMAI.
From left, Elaine Webster of NMAI, joins representatives of the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians to view the Treaty of Fort Wayne, 1809, on loan from the National Archives, at the Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian, 2017.
President Reagan receiving a Native American painting from John Nieto in the Oval Office, 1982.
President George W. Bush greets Sen. Benjamin Nighthorse Campbell (R-CO) during a ceremony for the opening of the National Museum of the American Indian, 9/23/2004.